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Жизненные ценности российского населения: сходства и отличия в сравнении с другими европейскими странами

Магун В. С., Руднев М. Г.

Vladimir Magun and Maxim Rudnev present the data of international comparative European Social Survey in 2006-2007 analyzing the values of Russian population in comparison with those of the inhabitants of 19 European countries. An average Russian as compared to the inhabitants of other countries is characterized by a higher caution (or even fear) and the need in protection by powerful State, the needs in novelty, creativity, freedom and independence are less expressed in average Russians, they are less inclined to taking risks and striving for merriment and pleasures. In terms of the importance of the enumerated values average Russians are like representatives of a number of other countries, primarily post-socialist ones. They aspire to wealth and power, as well as to personal success and social recognition (but creativity and innovation are less important for them). Strong orientation to individual self-assertion leaves in the consciousness of these people, as compared to the representatives of other countries, less space for concerning about equality and justice, tolerance, nature, for taking care of the close people (lower significance of the indicators of «universalism» and «goodwill»).