Российская наука в новых условиях: роль зарубежных фондов
Article is devoted to one of the most influential Soviet intellectual in the field of humanities - Sergei S. Averintsev (1937-2004) - and his impact on the late soviet epoch.
This volume develops a pragmatic approach to the engagement of highly skilled members of the diaspora for the benefit of their countries of origin. The book is based on empirical work in middle-income economies such as those in Argentina, Mexico, and Russia, as well as in high-income countries such as South Korea, Ireland, and the United Kingdom.
Chapter 8 focuses on the Russian diaspora and uses the online survey and face-to-face interviews as an empirical data source. The study concludes that Russian emigrants are less engaged in their home country development that their Argentinean or Mexican counterparts. But this gap is not as large as it seems given the much stronger engagement with the home country of the foreign institutions at which Russian emigrants work, and the high intensity of business visits in spite of distance and costs. Membership in international networks and receptiveness of the local businesses to change drive linkages more than other factors. Individual risk-taking is strongly associated with linkages. Counterintuitively, Russia displays the widest variety of diaspora success stories, more so than the more advanced South Korean economy.
Despite the measures taken by the Russian government to attract foreign scientists for work in Russian research organizations and universities, the level of incoming academic mobility to Russia remains extremely low. The paper provides quantitative estimates of the number of foreign researchers in different sectors of Russian science, and analyzes the attitude to the experience of their involvement on the part of the leaders of academic organizations. The work is based on the data of the Federal system for monitoring the performance of scientific organizations, as well as interview data with more than one hundred heads of Russian universities and research organizations.
The analysis of the quantitative and qualitative data demonstrates that for Russian organizations, recruitment of foreign scientists is not a usual and widespread practice, and is often considered as a difficult task with non-obvious benefits. This practice differs in its scope and implementations across the R&D sectors. The internationalization process is most active in universities, which are supported by the governmental measures developed specifically for these purposes. Based on the identified barriers, the paper offers several recommendations to increase the involvement of foreign researchers, as this can significantly contribute to the promotion of the country’s integration into the world science.
This article is talking about state management and cultural policy, their nature and content in term of the new tendency - development of postindustrial society. It mentioned here, that at the moment cultural policy is the base of regional political activity and that regions can get strong competitive advantage if they are able to implement cultural policy successfully. All these trends can produce elements of new economic development.