Agenda-Setting in Russian Media
This article examines agenda-setting theory. I compare the results of Levada Center
surveys on the most memorable issues of the month with the number of publications on
those issues in the Russian press from 2014 to 2016. In total, 884 issues are analyzed in
the article. The results of the study confirm the impact of discussions in the media on
people’s attention to an issue. The results also show that the discussions in the media one
week before the date of polling are more important than the issues covered over the entire
month. People better remember those issues that took place shortly before the polling, as
well as those issues with intensifying discussions during the period. It is also important to
note the role of regional publications in the sensitization of the public to various issues.
Issues covered by national newspapers and news agencies but ignored by the regional
press are significantly less remembered by the population.
Souvent considéré comme une activité des plus nuisibles, le piratage des contenus audiovisuels n’en constitue pas moins, depuis des décennies, pour de nombreuses populations aux quatre coins du monde, un moyen majeur d’accéder aux produits des industries culturelles. Nourri d’enquêtes de terrain, cet ouvrage explore les enjeux que recèle ce phénomène complexe. Cette étude inédite analyse les stratégies globales de lutte contre le piratage, évalue les politiques des autorités nationales, décrit les usages que font les publics des contenus audiovisuels piratés, retrace les chemins qu’empruntent ces derniers et s’intéresse à ceux qui font le commerce de ces produits, de même qu’aux mutations engendrées par internet en la matière.
Yearbook World of Media has been being published since 2009. It represents an annual review of original researches in the field of media and journalism studies conducted by Russian authors from diverse cities and institutions.World of Media is aimed at promoting the development of Russian media and journalism studies in both national and global contexts, and stimulating a wider public interest in the journalism theories, methods, findings and applications generated by research in communication and allied fields. Yearbook World of Media is affiliated with National Association of Mass Media Researchers (NAMMI).
World of Media is published in the English language.
L’objectif de ce chapitre est d’expliquer le phénomène du piratage audiovisuel en Russie. Nous essayerons d’identifier les logiques qui le régissent dans le contexte de l’économie informelle et ses fonctions culturelles. Pendant les années 1990, les spécificités de la société russe – et, par conséquence, également, celles de son système médiatique – étaient expliquées par son caractère « en transition ». Ce genre d’approche sous-entendait que le processus s’achèverait par la mise en place de l’économie marchande, de la société civile et de la démocratie. Une bonne partie des chercheurs en communication, y compris certains chercheurs russes, ont ainsi cru pouvoir déceler l’installation, en Russie, d’un véritable marché des médias, connecté au marché global. Selon la même logique, les chercheurs en économie appréhen-daient le secteur informel voire semi-légal, y compris le piratage, comme un phéno-mène anormal ayant pour vocation de disparaître avec le développement de l’économie marchande. Dans ce sens, le piratage a souvent été représenté de façon univoque comme un moyen de rendre accessibles les produits culturels à une population n’ayant pas les moyens de les acquérir autrement. Nous allons ici essayer de démon-trer la nature mystificatrice d’une telle représentation et mettre en lumière les autres facteurs, en particulier culturels, qui expliquent le phénomène, ainsi que les rapports de force qui existent en son sein et les mutations qu’il connaît aujourd’hui.
In July 2014 amendment to the Federal Law #131-FZ dated on October, 3, 2003 “On the general principles of the organization of the local self-government system in the Russian Federation” set out a typology of municipal formations for urban areas. For designing a new model two legal practices were used: the procedure of forming representative body of municipal district without municipal elections and the organization of LSG in federal cities. From 2003 till 2014 only two cities in RF had internal city entities with the status of local authorities – Moscow and Saint-Petersburg. The cities have the status of the subjects of the Russian federation. In comparison to other subjects Moscow and Saint-Petersburg have the additional competence in terms of establishing the financial basis and organizational structure of local authorities by regional acts in accordance with the federal legislation. The reason for this was the necessity to manage the city economy as a whole and to avoid its fragmentation. No other Russian cities (in spite of the territory and even with more than one million populations) had the same structure. The extension of Moscow capital city territory was realized by accession of some municipalities of the Moscow region (Moscovskaya oblast’). In accordance with the federal legislation their competence was broader than those of Moscow local municipalities. The organizational structure, competence and financing are the milestones of any LSG system. Thus, the balance and coherence between “New Moscow” and “Old Moscow” municipalities will be seen through these characteristics.
This paper represents a synthesis of few working papers of the author, published in various mostly foreign publications. In the paper the author examines social consequences and social prerequisites for specific role that Russian state and Russian audiences are playing in the media. In our opinion the situation in Russian media cannot to be perceived outside the context of social structure of the Russian society and the role of the state in this society.
The article is devoted to the problem of communicative features of the constructive structure of the font identity in the city branding sphere. This problem is considered in the framework of the nonlinearity of visual communication based on typology, comparative and structural analysis of the font identity of the world's cities. The article analyzes the brand identity of the city of Murmansk (2015) with the use of qualitative research methods: an expert interview with the designer of Murmansk identity.
This paper explores, mainly from a legal perspective, the extent to which the Russian regulations of traditional TV and online audiovisual media policies have been consistent with the Council of Europe (hereinafter CoE) standards. The study compares between the CoE and Russian approaches to specific aspects of audiovisual regulation including licensing, media ownership, public service media, digitalization, and national production. The paper first studies the CoE perspective through examining its conventional provisions related to audiovisual media, the case law of the European Court of Human Rights as well as the CoE non-binding documents. The paper then considers Russian national legislation governing audiovisual media and the Russian general jurisdiction courts’ practice on broadcast licensing. The paper suggests that the Russian audiovisual regulations are insufficiently compatible with the CoE standards and more in line with the Soviet regulatory traditions.
Systems Thinking in Museums explores systems thinking and the practical implication of it using real-life museum examples to illuminate various entry points and stages of implementation and their challenges and opportunities. Its premise is that museums can be better off when they operate as open, dynamic, and learning systems as a whole as opposed to closed, stagnant, and status quo systems that are compartmentalized and hierarchical. This book also suggests ways to incorporate systems thinking based on reflective questions and steps with hopes to encourage museum professionals to employ systems thinking in their own museum. Few books explore theory in practice in meaningful and applicable ways; this book offers to unravel complex theories as applied in everyday practice through examples from national and international museums.
This book contains the proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Computer Supported Education (CSEDU 2012) which was organized and sponsored by the Institute for Systems and Technologies of Information, Control and Communication (INSTICC) and technically co-sponsored by SPEE (Portuguese Society for Engineering Education), IGIP (International Society for Engineering Education), ROLE (Responsive Open Learning Environments) and IFIP TC3 (International Federation for Information Processing - Technical Committee 3 - ICT and Education).
CSEDU has become an annual meeting place for presenting and discussing learning paradigms, best practices and case studies that concern innovative computer-supported learning strategies, institutional policies on technology-enhanced learning including learning from distance, supported by technology. The Web is currently a preferred medium for distance learning and the learning practice in this context is usually referred to as e-learning or technology-enhanced learning. CSEDU 2012 is expected to give an overview of the state of the art in technology-enhanced learning and to also outline upcoming trends and promote discussions about the education potential of new learning technologies in the academic and corporate world.
This conference brings together researchers and practitioners interested in methodologies and applications related to the education field. It has five main topic areas, covering different aspects of Computer Supported Education, including "Information Technologies Supporting Learning", "Learning/Teaching Methodologies and Assessment", "Social Context and Learning Environments", "Domain Applications and Case Studies" and "Ubiquitous Learning". We believe the proceedings, demonstrate new and innovative solutions, and highlight technical problems in each field that are challenging and worthwhile.
CSEDU 2012 received 243 paper submissions from 58 countries in all continents. A double-blind review process was enforced, with the help of the 297 experts who are members of the conference program committee, all of them internationally recognized in one of the main conference topic areas. Only 29 papers were selected to be published and presented as full papers, i.e. completed work (10 pages in proceedings / 30' oral presentations). 73 papers, describing work-in-progress, were selected as short papers for 20' oral presentation. Furthermore 37 papers were presented as posters. The full-paper acceptance ratio was thus 12%, and the total oral paper acceptance ratio was less than 42%. These ratios denote a high level of quality, which we intend to maintain and reinforce in the next edition of this conference.
The high quality of the CSEDU 2012 programme is enhanced by three keynote lectures, delivered by distinguished guests who are renowned experts in their fields, including (alphabetically): Joseph Trimmer (Ball State University, United States), David Kaufman (Simon Fraser University, Canada) and Hugh Davis (University of Southampton, United Kingdom).
For the fourth edition of the conference we extended and ensured appropriate indexing of the proceedings of CSEDU including DBLP, INSPEC, EI and Thomson Reuters Conference Proceedings Citation Index. Besides the proceedings edited by SciTePress, a short list of papers presented at the conference will be selected for publication of extended and revised versions in the Journal of Education and Information Technologies. Furthermore, all presented papers will soon be available at the SciTePress digital library.
The conference is complemented with two special sessions, focusing on specialized aspects of computer supported education; namely, a Special Session on Enhancing Student Engagement in e-Learning (ESEeL 2012) and a Special Session on Serious Games on Computer Science Learning (SGoCSL 2012).
Building an interesting and successful program for the conference required the dedicated effort of many people. Firstly, we must thank the authors, whose research and development efforts are recorded here. Secondly, we thank the members of the program committee and additional reviewers for their diligence and expert reviewing. We also wish to include here a word of appreciation for the excellent organization provided by the conference secretariat, from INSTICC, who have smoothly and efficiently prepared the most appropriate environment for a productive meeting and scientific networking. Last but not least, we thank the invited speakers for their invaluable contribution and for taking the time to synthesize and deliver their talks.