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Университетские преподаватели и цифровизация образования: накануне дистанционного форс-мажора

In March 2020, Russian higher education switched to a remote mode due to the
threat of the Covid-19 spread. At the same time, discussions around the
development of online education in Russia have been ongoing for several years.
Based on the data from semi-structured interviews with teaching staff in leading
Russian universities, the article discusses issues related to the use of digital
technologies and the attitudes towards the digitalization of the educational
process. We show that teachers consider students and public policy as key
drivers of the educational process digitalization. At the same time, the alarmist
view on the active spread of digital technologies is widespread. Teachers who
participated in the study did not consider different types of remote and online
teaching as an equivalent substitute for traditional offline formats and
technologies. This leads to cautious forecasts regarding the future of online and
remote education. The results are of particular relevance, since they present the
situation in Russian universities on the eve of the forced transition to a remote

mode due to the spread of the Covid-19 virus. These results make it possible to
predict the difficulties that universities may face during the transition to a
remote mode of operation.