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Article

Векторы становления китайской социологии: прагматическая направленность, сохранение традиции

Веселова Л. С., Лебединцева Л. А., Дерюгин П. П.

In the article were considered the social conditions of appearance and formation of sociology in China. It is shown that the beginning of the institutionalization of sociology in China was associated with a pragmatic interest - recognition of the importance of sociology in Europe and Japan and attempts to use this experience on Chinese soil. The emergence of sociological science in China coincides with a period of deep economic and political crisis caused by the defeat in the late XIX century wars. Other factors in the development of sociology in China include the translation activities of Chinese enlighteners and scholars (such as Kang Yuwei, Yan Fu, Zhang Binlin, Liang Qichang), the activities of mission scientists, the training of Chinese students and post-graduate students in sociology at foreign universities. By the beginning of the 1930s, appeared the Chinese sociological society, were published the first journals. The experience of development and achievements of American sociology was significant not only for theoretical sociology, but also for the development of Chinese applied sociology. The article analyzes the process of the formation of Chinese sociology in the period of the Cultural Revolution, coupled with a series of ups and downs, till the complete prohibition of this science in China. Her revival began only in the late 70's because of  the consolidation of the efforts of the scientific community, youth, representatives of state power. Modern Chinese sociology is a fully institutionalized science, having its own branches, departments and faculties in Chinese universities, scientific publications (primarily journals), scientific conferences, congresses, etc. Among the priority topics of the study in Chinese sociology are labor issues in small towns, issues of family and marriage relations, social transformation and modernization of society, the problems of life in the countryside and others. In present article for the first time were used the original sources (in Chinese) about the formation and development of sociology in China, were shown new authors whose works are devoted to the study of the formation of Chinese sociology.