The article is devoted to the analysis of pronunciation errors of students of Economics. Four groups of mistakes are listed, and different techniques to eliminate them are given.
The aim of this article is to examine the directionality of change in Voice in relation to Tense/Aspect, foremost based on evidence from Greek as well as additional evidence from Early Vedic. Starting with the hypothesis that in (standard) Proto-Indo-European a number of innovations resulted in the introduction of some elements of the Perfect-Stative inflection into the Present (cf. Kulikov & Lavidas 2013), we study the directionality of change in Voice. We show that the original relationship between Tense/Aspect and Voice determines the directionality of change in Voice in Greek. Basing our study on the analysis of Vedic active Perfects that are intransitive and belong with middle Presents, we claim that this initial relationship between Voice and Tense/Aspect can be reconstructed on the basis of some tendencies and changes found in several Indo-European dialects, in particular in Greek forms. We also argue that the relationship between Tense/Aspect and Voice in the diachrony of Greek depends on the new features acquired by the voice morphology as well as on the development of the categories Tense and Aspect.
The celebrations marking the 20th anniversary of the fall of the Berlin Wall provoked a debate on the outcomes of the transition process in the post-communist countries, including a debate on the functioning of civil society. This provided a good opportunity for researchers to collect new data and revise the discourse on collective action and the dynamics of civil society in these countries. Jacobsson and Saxonberg's collection of essays looks at social movements, and their forms of mobilization and organization, as well as action repertoires in relation to the social context, and their success or failure. The book meets an important need in the discourse on post-communist social movements by going beyond the usual discourse about the weak and non-participatory civil society in the post-communist context. This book gives a nuanced and updated view of social movements in post-communist Europe, by looking at the cases of relatively successful mobilization, by examining groups that have often been neglected in the discourse on social movements and civil society (including animal-rights groups, racist movements and non-feminist family organizations), and by giving a deeper analysis of the different strategies that civil society organizations and groups can use. Rather than expecting social movements in post-communist Europe to follow the same patterns and operate in the same fashion as in Western Europe, this volume shows that a wider view of contentious action is needed in order to understand the variety of strategies employed by collective actors operating in this context.
Classificating (including historical dimension) the concepts of the social movement, identifying important common features of the social movement, the wording of the generalized definition.
The book is a study of the academic public presentation and its prosodic aspect.
Based on the recognition of the principle of polysemy of the Institute of propaganda, it can be argued that Soviet propaganda during the great Patriotic war, despite its main thrust mobilization, carried out a variety of functions and interpret different ideological orientations. First of all, we are talking about the ratio in the propaganda documents of wartime Patriotic and international components, as well as on the formation on the basis of these, at first glance, incompatible ideological constructs, the concept of «Soviet patriotism». The beginning of this ideological turn coincided with the release of the red army on the Soviet border, and the process of ousting the «traditional» Patriotic patriotism «Soviet» lasted until the beginning of 1946.
The article deals with the role of intonation in a poetic text and the ways poets fix intonation in their work. In the beginning of the XX-th century intonation started to play the leading part in the Russian poetry while the traditional means of organization of poetic text were losing their relevance. Akhmatova used to call poets catchers of intonations. The analysis of Akhmatovas poem It is simple and its translation into English by Richard McKain shows what sort of changes tend to happen with the intonation of the original and how they affect the meaning.
The book aims to develop pronunciation and reading skills in English. It contains basic explanations of sound and intonation systems of the English language, rules of reading and notation. It is supplemented by exercises.
Several approaches to the concept of fatherhood present in Western sociological tradition are analyzed and compared: biological determinism, social constructivism and biosocial theory. The problematics of fatherhood and men’s parental practices is marginalized in modern Russian social research devoted to family and this fact makes the traditional inequality in family relations, when the father’s role is considered secondary compared to that of mother, even stronger. However, in Western critical men’s studies several stages can be outlined: the development of “sex roles” paradigm (biological determinism), the emergence of the hegemonic masculinity concept, inter-disciplinary stage (biosocial theory). According to the approach of biological determinism, the role of a father is that of the patriarch, he continues the family line and serves as a model for his ascendants. Social constructivism looks into man’s functions in the family from the point of view of masculine pressure and establishing hegemony over a woman and children. Biosocial theory aims to unite the biological determinacy of fatherhood with social, cultural and personal context. It is shown that these approaches are directly connected with the level of the society development, marriage and family perceptions, the level of egality of gender order.