Профессиональная этика как объект социологического исследования: между социологией морали и социологией профессий
The article presents the results of the analysis of classical and contemporary theories
and approaches to the study of professional ethics. In the first part of the article, based on the ideas of
H. Spencer, E. Durkheim and T. Parsons, the authors question the general sociological interpretation of the
nature of professional ethics mainly in its functionalist perspective. According to Spencer, professions play
an important moral role in social development such as improving the quality of life. Durkheim believed
that professional ethics should contribute to solidarity and prevent labor and commercial conflicts, which
can be facilitated by the restoration of guilds in a renewed form — as institutionalized moral regulators.