ИССЛЕДОВАНИЕ МОТИВАЦИИ НАУЧНОЙ ДЕЯТЕЛЬНОСТИ В УНИВЕРСИТЕТЕ КАК КОРПОРАЦИИ В РАМКАХ ИНСТИТУЦИОНАЛЬНОГО ПОДХОДА
This article analyzes in-depth changes connected with universities turning into corporations in
the context of institutional analysis. The research has been conducted in the case-study format, and the
respondents included students, post-graduates and young scientists of research specializations at National
Research Nuclear University MEPhI. The authors put forward three hypotheses: about possible noncompliance
of the students’ values with university ones; about demotivation of third-year students due to
absence of individual study correction and lack of confidence in the future after the end of studies as the
main reason for demotivation. In the course of studying the peculiarities of motivational characteristics
of students and post-graduates with the help of validated methods “Life-purpose orientations” (D.A.
Leontiev) and “Sources of motivation” (J. Barbuto and R. Scholl), it was found that third year students
and Master degree students are demotivated with regard to studies in comparison with first-year students.
This is confirmed by high instrumental motivation and low results at the subscale “Goals in Life” in these
subgroups of respondents. It was found that demotivation was connected with increasing anxiety about
the future, which is conditioned by practically linear correlation between subscale “Goals in Life” and an
integral indicator “Sense of purpose in Life”. In its turn, the level of postgraduates’ expectations exceeds
the possible remuneration level. The authors see the resolution of these problems in the development of
socio-cultural environment of the university that supports cognitive motivation and creative potential
of personality, and also in the system of efficient counseling to support the personality sense-forming
structures of students and postgraduates, especially during formation of accelerated development groups.