Социально-перцептивный образ различных социальных групп в сознании подростков
The article is dedicated to the results of the study, which was aimed at the research of adolescent’s socio-cognitive representations (images) of social groups (parents, classmates, teachers, policemen, public officials). 7000 high-school students from different cities and villages of Russia took part at the research. Age: 14—18. Deviant adolescent’s socio-cognitive representations (images) are also studied. The sample of deviant adolescents — 127 participants. Method: «80 adjectives» (by A. Rean) technique was used. Сontingency table method was used for the evaluation of correlation between adjective choice preferences and the participant’s group. χ-square test was used for statistical significance evaluation. The major findings are: adolescents use mostly positive adjectives for description of parents, mostly negative descriptors for policemen and public offocials, both for classmates and teachers. Descriptor-choice preferences are found among different groups of participants.
The image of BRICS as a single unit has not formed in Africa by now. There are still separate and very different images of five BRICS states in the African mass consciousness. The more actions in the sphere of cooperation with African countries BRICS as organization will undertake, the quicker its image will form there. The evidence from Tanzania confirm the aforesaid.
The BRICS states (Brazil, Russia, India, China, South Africa) are “(re)emerging powers” that at present compete in Africa most actively with “traditional powers” (former colonial powers, the USA, some others), on the one hand, and, in fact, with each other, notwithstanding the establishment of the BRICS formal unity, on the other. In this contest for African spatiality and resources an important part is played by images of the respective countries in the Africans’ mass consciousness as a significant prerequisite for consolidation of their positions and implementation of their goals on the continent.
This book, which contains articles both in German and English, analyses images of and reflections on Africa in Russia, Poland and Germany in the 20th century.
The point of the article is the idea that an activity, an image and a word are the means to spiritualize a body and to externalize spirit. Each o them is a heterogeneous entity: a kind of metaform where both internal and external forms appear. E.g. an activity being considered as an external form includes an image and a word. The same structure is peculiar to a word and an image. Because of such a structure an activity, an image and a word are as much corporeal as they are spiritual. A play of their external and internal forms is extended to interrelationship of the body, the soul and the spirit. It is argued that such a model of reasoning may be of use for psychotherapeutic practices.
Traditionally phenomenology was considered as the philosophical movement that pays no attention to the problem of medium understood as the material mediator of thinking process. Admittedly, this media-indifference of phenomenology results from its subjective-idealistic orientation. Acknowledging the truth of this retrospective interpretation the alternative look at the problem of relationship between phenomenology and media studies offered in this article is future-oriented and takes as its starting point the very idea of phenomenality considered as main theme of phenomenological researches. As opposed to plural and particular phenomena, holistic phenomenality allows us to think the object of phenomenological researches as a consistent field of primary appearance which embraces not only the objective structures of phenomenological experience, but also the subjective ones. In this sense primary phenomenality is the primordial medium of any appearance. The visual image (and its experience) is offered as the best model for explication of phenomenality understood in terms of mediality.
In article the basic approaches to the analysis socially-perception competence of experts of high school libraries of nonverbal dialogue. In the given work the description of structural components of model socially- perception competence of information-library employees, abilities, the skills necessary for adequate perception, understanding and an estimation of behavior of readers is resulted.