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Regular version of the site

Article

Микропереписи населения России: прошлое, настоящее и будущее

Демографическое обозрение. 2018. Т. 5. № 2. С. 61-102.
Пьянкова А. И., Щербакова Е. М., Васин С. А.

The paper traces the history of the three population microcensuses held in Russia in 1985, 1994 and 2015, highlighting their methodological, technological and perational aspects, as well the questionnaire’s design. Given  that  the  microcensuses  provide  more  data  in  terms  of  new  topics  than  conventional  decennial population and housing censuses, this article focuses on the main research findings based on microcensus data. A closer look is taken at the 2015 population microcensus, as it has peculiarities in terms of sample size and design, as well as at the content of the census questionnaires. Deviations of the regional-territorial structure of the sample from the permanent population of Russia are revealed.It  is  shown  that  the  representativeness  of  the  data  for  the  whole  country  is  distorted,  and  the  socio-demographic  and  geographical  characteristics  of  the  population  are  also  biased  due  to  the  considerable variability of the sample size by regions of Russia. A comparison of the size and structure of the population  according to the 2015 microcensus with data from vital statistics and population censuses, together with an estimate of age heaping, indicates serious problems with the data quality of the microcensus and the presence of typical errors common to conventional population censuses. Attention is focused on a shifting of the age structure of the population to older ages according to the 2015 microcensus,   which   could   affect   figures  on   education,  economic   activity,   morbidity,   disability,   the demographic composition of households and other variables closely related with age.