Отношение московской молодежи к революционным событиям 1917 года (на основе фокус-групп)
Nikolai Charushin's memoirs of his experience as a member of the revolutionary populist movement in Russia are familiar to historians, but A Generation of Revolutionaries provides a broader and more engaging look at the lives and relationships beyond these memoirs. It shows how, after years of incarceration, Charushin and friends thrived in Siberian exile, raising children and contributing to science and culture there. While Charushin's memoirs end with his return to european Russia, this sweeping biography follows this group as they engaged in Russia fin de siecle society, took part in the Russian revolution, and struggled in its aftermath. A Generation of Revolutionaries provides vibrant and deeply personal insights into the turbulent history of Russia from the Great Reforms to the era of Stalinism and beyond. In doing so, it tells the story of a remarkable circle of friends whose lives balanced love, family, and career with exile, imprisonment, and revolution.
The collective monograph is devoted to problems related to the correlation of history, memory and identity. It presents some research results aimed at a comparative analysis of the processes and mechanisms of constructing national and national-state identities. In maintaining and “reformatting” collective memory and identity, the important role belongs to the deep-rooted national historiographic traditions, which define a canonized image of the past in the form of a national or national-state narrative demonstrating main “places of memory” and symbols of "common fate." The authors of the monograph examine key aspects of the topic on the basis of the history and historiography of Russia, individual countries of Europe and Latin America with significantly different conditions and trajectories of the national identity formation.
To answer this question the author analyses the nature of the revolutionary crisis in Russian traditional agrarian society and possibilities to overcome it by using different legal reform strategies. This bulk of social technologies was elaborated by Imperial administration in the period of Great Reforms and practically used at the beginning of XX-th Century in order to enforce agrarian transformation and to stop the Revolution in Russia. In the situation of unstable social balance, which is typical for all countries under modernization, danger of the revolutionary break was not fatal and could be avoided by skillful reformers. From this point of view the author makes representation of variable parameters of revolutionary conflict, analyses mistakes of liberal reformers and legal possibilities to overcome the revolutionary crisis of 1917.
It is important to distinguish in the screen memorial culture two logics: (A) the memory of pride by victories, triumphs, and (B) the memory of grief, misfortunes, victims.
This is a review of Rendle's scholarly study of Russian tsarist elites in 1917. The review analyses the main argument and the evidence provided in the book.
The essay is devoted to an analysis of the metaphor "the train of revolution" (Karl Marx) within the context of the intellectual history of the Russian/Soviet culture of the XXth century
In the public discourse, cinematic views on the analysis of movies traditionally prevail. The author suggests another approach: in the course of the experiment aimed to reveal the audience's perception of the film „Welcome to Zombieland the author discovers an atypical interpretation of this horror film as an instrument of educating the young generation, those features of the ideological message of the film that can transform any genre into, it would seem, its complete opposite - a collection of contemporary society norms and behavior patterns. The main conclusion of the article is that the perception of a film is a complex social action which always goes beyond any cinematic interpretations.
The chapter is devoted to the history of Russian Jews in the Period of War I, Revolution, and Civil War (1914-1920).
The results of cross-cultural research of implicit theories of innovativeness among students and teachers, representatives of three ethnocultural groups: Russians, the people of the North Caucasus (Chechens and Ingushs) and Tuvinians (N=804) are presented. Intergroup differences in implicit theories of innovativeness are revealed: the ‘individual’ theories of innovativeness prevail among Russians and among the students, the ‘social’ theories of innovativeness are more expressed among respondents from the North Caucasus, Tuva and among the teachers. Using the structural equations modeling the universal model of values impact on implicit theories of innovativeness and attitudes towards innovations is constructed. Values of the Openness to changes and individual theories of innovativeness promote the positive relation to innovations. Results of research have shown that implicit theories of innovativeness differ in different cultures, and values make different impact on the attitudes towards innovations and innovative experience in different cultures.