Имперский футбол. Как начиналась история российской сборной по футболу
The paper reconstructs, in the context of actual problems of Russian historical memory and basing on archives of various provenance and the then publications, a biography of M.-B. Hadjetlaché (aka Yu. Kazi-Bek Akhmetukov, G. Ettinger, etc., ca 1868–1929) – a Circassian writer, Muslim journalist, Russian adventurist and double-dealer; the arguments for his being born Jewish are provided. In comparison of this biography with his self-narratives, his constructing of Circassian and Muslim identity is analyzed. In particular, ideas (and their sources) of what Muslim belonging means, both inside and outside the Muslim milieu (that of Russian Muslim intelligentsia), are investigated; the role of mass Orientalism and the crossovers of different cultural spaces in the formation of Muslim self-representations is emphasized, as well as the perception of ‘being Muslim’ as culture rather than religion. The question of whether Hadjetlaché was a Muslim is taken on the brink of forgery and forging, imposture and invention of identity, and his using the latter politically as his ‘symbolic capital’ is demonstrated.
The article is devoted to the history of the creation of the Voluntary Fleet Society in 1878-1879. The idea of the Voluntary Fleet and its implementation are considered from the point of view of studying the place of social organization in the modernizing space of the Russian Empire. The subjects of the role of the Imperial Society for the promotion of Russian commercial shipping in the organization of fund-raising for the purchase of ships are discussed, as well as the process of public discussion of the Voluntary Fleet project.
The publication «Picturesque Russia. Our Fatherland in its Spatial, Historical, Ethnographic, Economic and Everyday Life Sense», issued in twelwe volumes in 1881–1901, contains a whealth of data about the Slavic peoples, primarily Russians, Ukrainians, Belarusians and Poles. Most of the essays on different regions of the Russian Empire were prepared by the men of letters who were often concurrently novelists, journalists, literary critics, and scholars. This article analyses the background of the publication of «Picturesque Russia», its selection of authors, their literary reputations and political preferences as well as national, regional and professional identities.
In 2006, Russia amended its competition law and added the concepts of ‘collective dominance’ and its abuse. This was seen as an attempt to address the common problem of ‘conscious parallelism’ among firms in concentrated industries. Critics feared that the enforcement of this provision would become tantamount to government regulation of prices. In this paper we examine the enforcement experience to date, looking especially closely at sanctions imposed on firms in the oil industry. Some difficulties and complications experienced in enforcement are analysed, and some alternative strategies for addressing anticompetitive behaviour in concentrated industries discussed.