СЕМАНТИЧЕСКИЕ ОЦЕНКИ ЭТНИЧЕСКИХ СТЕРЕОТИПОВ И ОБРАЗА ЖИЗНИ ПРЕДСТАВИТЕЛЕЙ КОРЕННЫХ МАЛОЧИСЛЕННЫХ НАРОДОВ СЕВЕРО-ВОСТОКА РОССИИ
The article discusses the themes of ethnic stereotypes and lifestyle of indigenous peoples of the North and the non-indigenous peoples. Indigenous people identify with their ethnic group and prevailing positive evaluation of his perceptions about himself. Indigenous peoples believe that representatives of other ethnic groups assess their less positive, and in fact, the representatives of non-indigenous peoples evaluate them worse. Students from the number of indigenous people consider the most important parameters for the evaluation of their lifestyle (factors of evaluations): "unattractiveness - attractiveness," "peaceable - hostility", "melancholy - sanguine". Students from the number of non-indigenous people consider the most important parameters for the evaluation of their lifestyle: "welfare - non-welfare", "hostility - peaceable", "sanguine - melancholy". The testees of both samples evaluate their lifestyle more positively at the conscious, reflexive level (universal), than unconscious, uncontrolled level (implicit factor structure of evaluations). The testees of both samples evaluated their lifestyle completely different at the unconscious, non-regulated level (factorial structure of evaluations), indigenous people have more introverted, non-indigenous people have more extroverted.
The results of cross-cultural research of implicit theories of innovativeness among students and teachers, representatives of three ethnocultural groups: Russians, the people of the North Caucasus (Chechens and Ingushs) and Tuvinians (N=804) are presented. Intergroup differences in implicit theories of innovativeness are revealed: the ‘individual’ theories of innovativeness prevail among Russians and among the students, the ‘social’ theories of innovativeness are more expressed among respondents from the North Caucasus, Tuva and among the teachers. Using the structural equations modeling the universal model of values impact on implicit theories of innovativeness and attitudes towards innovations is constructed. Values of the Openness to changes and individual theories of innovativeness promote the positive relation to innovations. Results of research have shown that implicit theories of innovativeness differ in different cultures, and values make different impact on the attitudes towards innovations and innovative experience in different cultures.
The specificity of the world image and lifestyle based on the schemes for exemine the image of the world and life and their professional specifics are described
Description of the method of semantic universals
The book celebrates the life and legacy, academic, public, and personal, of Lyudmila S. Bogoslovskaya (1937-2015), Russian biologist and specialist in Native cultures and seascapes of Chukotka. Yer academic colleagues, friends, and partners in nothern communities joined forces for a commemorative publication.
The Russian Far North is immensely rich in resources, both energy and other resources, and is also one of the least developed regions of Russia. This book presents a comprehensive overview of the region. It examines resource issues and the related environmental problems, considers the Arctic and the problems of sea routes, maritime boundaries and military build-up, assesses economic development, and considers the ethnic peoples of the region and also cultural and artistic subjects. Overall, the book provides a rich appraisal of how the region is likely to develop in future.
The book celebrates the life and legacy, academic, public, and personal of Lyudmila S. Bogoslovskaya (1937-2015), Russian biologist and specialist in Naitive cultures and seascapes of Chukotka. Her academic colleagues, friends, and partners in northern communities joined forces for a commemorative publication.
The article presents the analysis of research results of FOM, which was carried out within the bounds of the project «People XXI». The project was devoted to a comprehensive study of the behavior of «social innovators» and their life style. The conceptual base for the analysis' sociology has been the works by Russian and foreign economic sociologists and specialists in the field of consumption. «People XXI» show a rational approach to spending of spare time which is characterized by its capitalization, active cultural consumption and consumer leadership.
The purpose of this study was to investigate consumption patterns and their association with the lifestyle characteristics of Russian households. The research based on the data of Russian Longitudinal Monitoring Survey – HSE (RLMS–HSE) was collected between 1992 and 2008. Over this period total household expenditure on food increased by 40%, while total expenditure on durables more than tripled. Consequently, the share of food expenditure dropped from 72.6% to 45% whereas the non-food expenditure share grew up from 27.4% to 55%. By 2008 the gap in consumption standards between rich and poor households had widened since well off families completely dominated in volume of non-food expenditure, services and leisure expenditure and savings. Meanwhile we can state that consumption depended heavily not only on a total household income but also on a household type and on the phase of its life circle, for example, the data clearly show that young families, single-parent families and pensioners saved up less than other families as their expenses constantly exceeded their incomes in 2008. Moreover, the level of durables consumption varied over the type of settlement. The factor analysis (the method of Principal components, Varimax rotation with Kaiser Normalization) let us define the groups of durables that differentiate the households by consumption patterns. These groups are likely to associate with highly “modernised” urban lifestyle, moderately “modernised” lifestyle, and rural lifestyle.
The author’s views on the essence of educational objectives and outcomes, on their interrelation in the area of general education, on specifics of pedagogical goal-setting, on the structure of the hierarchical system of educational objectives have been forming throughout almost 60 years of professional educational work. He represents common objectives of school education as a three-level system: development of the ability to choose some lifestyle that is appropriate to the current society development trends; shaping the experience of solving cognitive, communicative and other problems relevant to students without assistance; learning of work methods that are applicable to school practice and beyond it.
Students' internet usage attracts the attention of many researchers in different countries. Differences in internet penetration in diverse countries lead us to ask about the interaction of medium and culture in this process. In this paper we present an analysis based on a sample of 825 students from 18 Russian universities and discuss findings on particularities of students' ICT usage. On the background of the findings of the study, based on data collected in 2008-2009 year during a project "A сross-cultural study of the new learning culture formation in Germany and Russia", we discuss the problem of plagiarism in Russia, the availability of ICT features in Russian universities and an evaluation of the attractiveness of different categories of ICT usage and gender specifics in the use of ICT.