Changes in the Rural Life in Belgorod Region in 2000-2013: Consequences of Economic Transformations
In the present paper, we analyze the key consequences of economic transformations in the rural territories in Belgorod region (Russia) which took place in the beginning of the XXIst century. We focus on the complex study of the changes in the rural life and on the way they perceived by the local population. The paper bases on the results of the two studies conducted in the same 15 villages of Belgorod region utilizing the same methodology. We reveal both positive and negative consequences of the economic transformations for the life of the rural population. The activities of large vertically integrated agricultural enterprises, so called “agroholdings” (launched in the last 10-12 years), contributed to the rapid growth of economic well-being but also caused several serious problems. The local population perceives agroholdings as aggressive intruders reconstructing traditional way of rural life by transforming local enterprises and enhancing unemployment and social inequality. Agroholdings are also seen as major obstacles for successful development of private farming in the region.
This article aims to explore the microfoundations of political support under a nondemocratic regime by investigating the impact of a natural disaster on attitudes toward the government. The research exploits the enormous wildfires that occurred in rural Russia during the summer of 2010 as a natural experiment. The authors test the effects of fires with a survey of almost eight hundred respondents in seventy randomly selected villages. The study finds that in the burned villages there is higher support for the government at all levels. Most counterintuitively, the rise of support for authorities cannot be fully explained by the generous governmental aid. The authors interpret the results by the demonstration effect of the government's performance.
The article contributes to the discussion on the informal economic activity in post-socialist countries. Quite often this activity is related to state regulation. We provide evidence from rural Russia suggesting that state shirking also can give rise to informal economic relations. Empirical data from Altai Krai show that informal transfers from farms to rural municipalities are used to provide rural social sector. Despite the collapse of socialist agricultural system, when rural communities existed under patronage of collective farms, substantial part of the privately owned post-Soviet farms still donate to rural municipalities and population. The article is based on the fieldwork conducted in Altai Krai in 2013 when qualitative data (informal interviews, group discussions, observations) were collected by the author and his colleagues. Gift-giving relations between agricultural producers and municipalities could be described as “natural” bottom-up pattern. We perceive these Soviet-style gift-giving relations as the way to mitigate the weaknesses both of the Russian state rural policy as well as market self-regulation mechanism. Despite it could slow down economic performance of farms, it is the way to prevent rural degradation and depopulation.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.
The chapter is focuses on the research in rural Russia. The empirical materials were studied in the historical context. The chapter helps to understand the consequences of the Russion Revolution 1917.
The volume is organized around the four main thematic axes. The first one is
dedicated to the theoretical approaches on the Russian Revolution and comprises
the articles which reflect on the causes, the nature and the consequences of the
events in Russia in 1917. The second unit is dedicated to the artistic expressions of the Revolution or
works derived from it. In the third unit, a great number of investigations revolves around the impact
and the consequences of the Russian Revolution. Finally, the edited volume closes with a section on the Soviet Revolution and Spain.
The financial condition of the business entity determine as a category economy. The methodological principles of financial analysis
state of the region represented by a set of economic activities formed.
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.