Универсальный эволюционизм: паттерны, которые связывают
The phenomenon of universal evolutionism and possibilities of interdisciplinary synthesis of knowledge are under discussion in the article. It is argued that integrative, holistic trends are dominant in the modern scientific knowledge. Universal evolutionism is called also Big History; it allows to reveal patterns of complex behavior which valid on all levels of organization of being. The origins of evolutionism in the study of Charles Darwin are traced; its development in the theoretical biology and general systems theory elaborated by L. von Bertalanffy and the prospects of its further development in the modern theory of complexity and in network science are considered. It is demonstrated that universal evolutionism may be a foundation for the philosophical naturalism that allows formulating strategies of evolutionary explication in epistemology, ethics, aesthetics, politics.