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«Мессалианский» миф iv-v вв. и споры об аскетике в иранской Церкви Востока VII в. н.э.

Вестник древней истории. 2010. Т. 275. № 4. С. 153-167.
The article tries once more to reconsider the notion of «the heresy of worshippers» or msalyanë as they were called in Syriac, cf. «Messaliamsm». Alter summing up the soursces and latest research tendencies (M. Kmosko, A. Guillaumont, K.. Fitschcn, C. Stewart) the conclusion seems to be imposing; the encounter of the Graeco-Roman Christianity with the native Syriac ascetic practices ended in a misunderstanding, Some ascetic trends (incessant prayer, aksertayutha, dépaysement) were interpreted in the 4th cent, us signs of anti-intellectual popular beliefs. The list of mcssalian heresies came from Theodoret and Epiphanius down to John Damascene. It reflects • practical absence of positive information on the teaching of the presumed 'heretics' completed with idiosyncratic myths and fantasies of Byzantine heresiologists. In the 7th cent, this myth was re-used in the Iranian Church of the East in the struggle between mar Dabai the Great and the monastic communities of Izla. Babai and some of his allies tried to stigmatize their opponents as msalyane using the notion coined in Byzantine circles in the 4th—5th cent. The irony of the situation was that the Messalian myth was born as a repulsion of the native Syrian asceticism but returned as polemical weapon against ascetics who tended toward a more synthetic (and perhaps closer to the Byzantine ascetic) tradition like Ishaq of Ninivch, Joseph Hazzaya, John of Dalyatha and other. Their works however returned to the Greek-speak in g Byzantium in the Sth—9 th cent, as a yardstick of Orthodox asceticism.