Влияние дизайна анкеты на качество данных в онлайн-опросах студентов
The results of the Russian Census of 2010 lay on the table several topics requiring further discussion. Prerequisites for this discussion are the change of the administrative-territorial structure of Russia after the reform of municipal government in 2006 and the amendments to the Census Law made prior to Census 2010. During 2002-2010 increase in rural population was almost twice higher than that in urban areas: +11% and +6.3% correspondingly. Rural population increased up to 30-50% in some municipalities, while changes of the urban population were fairly minor or even negative over the intercensal period. This significant rise in the rural population could be related with changes concerning data capture of the population living in collective households. This ‘non-demographic’ factor distorts denominator for demographic rates for municipalities, affects on an allocation budget funds depending on the population in the municipality.
The edition includes two documents. The first one contains a list of 17 questions that users of the survey data should be asked to draw conclusions about the validity of the results. The proposed system of criteria is applicable to assess the quality of the results of almost any survey. The second paper deals with qualities of the data, which the social media are ready to provide the students of public opinion. Both documents were prepared by the AAPOR working group on emerging technologies (Emerging Technologies Task Force), whose activities had to focus on two key areas: (1) smartphones as devices data collection, (2) social media as a platform and information resource.
In 2016 the fourth volume in the series ‘Online research in Russia’ was published. The concept of the series remains unchanged from year to year. Editors are trying to involve the broadest possible range of authors conducting online research in Russia. The range of topics covered is quite broad. It includes survey methodologies based on access panels, alternative methods of online sampling, qualitative online research, digital ethnography, big data analysis, and so on. In addition, the book includes translations of important foreign publications on the methodology of online research important for the Russian research community. Some of them are written especially for this edition.
In the article the urgent and important issues that arose during the discussion of bills, devoted to the legal institution of accreditation in Russia. It is shown, that the provisions of the legal act regulating the accreditation, insufficient exercise of normative-legal regulation of such complex legal phenomenon as accreditation. It is noted that the legal science has been unable to provide evidence-based recommendations on the legal regulation of accreditation as a legal instrument.
Students' internet usage attracts the attention of many researchers in different countries. Differences in internet penetration in diverse countries lead us to ask about the interaction of medium and culture in this process. In this paper we present an analysis based on a sample of 825 students from 18 Russian universities and discuss findings on particularities of students' ICT usage. On the background of the findings of the study, based on data collected in 2008-2009 year during a project "A сross-cultural study of the new learning culture formation in Germany and Russia", we discuss the problem of plagiarism in Russia, the availability of ICT features in Russian universities and an evaluation of the attractiveness of different categories of ICT usage and gender specifics in the use of ICT.
The results of cross-cultural research of implicit theories of innovativeness among students and teachers, representatives of three ethnocultural groups: Russians, the people of the North Caucasus (Chechens and Ingushs) and Tuvinians (N=804) are presented. Intergroup differences in implicit theories of innovativeness are revealed: the ‘individual’ theories of innovativeness prevail among Russians and among the students, the ‘social’ theories of innovativeness are more expressed among respondents from the North Caucasus, Tuva and among the teachers. Using the structural equations modeling the universal model of values impact on implicit theories of innovativeness and attitudes towards innovations is constructed. Values of the Openness to changes and individual theories of innovativeness promote the positive relation to innovations. Results of research have shown that implicit theories of innovativeness differ in different cultures, and values make different impact on the attitudes towards innovations and innovative experience in different cultures.