Россия в ВТО: дискуссия в российских печатных СМИ
The paper focuses on debates about Russia's accession to the World Trade Organization (WTO), which have unfolded in Russian print media. The authors highlight the initial arguments of supporters and opponents to this accession, the particular ways in which they were presented in media, and the differences in standpoints of business, authority and expert communities. They further analyze changes in the content of this discussionand and its discursive space after Russia's succession.
The key issues of the theory and practice of modern trade policy and multilateral regulation of international trade in goods and services within the framework of the GATT/WTO system, including the use of trade regulation instruments, as well as the institutional framework of national and international trade regulation mechanisms are considered. Considerable attention is paid to issues such as the conduct and organization of trade negotiations and the use of dispute resolution mechanisms within the WTO mechanisms, regulation of trade and international economic cooperation at the national and international level in specific areas (e-Commerce, trade in dual-use products and technologies, the relationship of trade with the environment and social and labor issues).
This article discusses the debatable problem of euthanasia. The authors consider the main arguments of supporters and opponents of euthanasia. The results of a sociological study of the attitude of Nizhny Novgorod residents to the issue of euthanasia are presented. The results show that respondents express contradictory attitude to euthanasia: on the one hand, they understand the positive side and want euthanasia to be allowed in Russia, on the other hand, they believe that there can be negative consequences (for example, self-serving murders).
This article is focused on the media construction of the recent economic crisis in Russia.
The goal of the study is achieved conducting the content analysis. 285 articles of the most cited Russian online newspapers of different information orientation (socio-political, business and mass online newspapers) were analyzed in total.
It was found that the coverage of the economic crisis in online newspapers is due to the focus on a specific audience. The socio-political newspaper publishes more articles on alternatives of ways out of the crisis and stabilization of the economy. The business media, focused on business leaders, analysts and experts, tend to cover such crisis consequence as change in the situation of the Russian industry and the private sector. Finally, the hallmark of the mass newspaper is anti-crisis advice to the public and partnership materials.
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.
We address the external effects on public sector efficiency measures acquired using Data Envelopment Analysis. We use the health care system in Russian regions in 2011 to evaluate modern approaches to accounting for external effects. We propose a promising method of correcting DEA efficiency measures. Despite the multiple advantages DEA offers, the usage of this approach carries with it a number of methodological difficulties. Accounting for multiple factors of efficiency calls for more complex methods, among which the most promising are DMU clustering and calculating local production possibility frontiers. Using regression models for estimate correction requires further study due to possible systematic errors during estimation. A mixture of data correction and DMU clustering together with multi-stage DEA seems most promising at the moment. Analyzing several stages of transforming society’s resources into social welfare will allow for picking out the weak points in a state agency’s work.