The controversial question of how J.M. Keyness early philosophical ideas influenced the essence and the method of his economic works, first and foremost The General Theory of Employment, Interest and Money is under consideration in a broad historical context. Intellectual sources, basic ideas and concepts of Keyness logic of probability are presented in brief as well as major criticism of Keyness view.
Agriculture policy has, since the fall of the Soviet Union, arguably never been as important in Russian life as today. Having taken the path of import substitution, Russian took upon itself the very complex challenge of providing food products for the population with predominantly national production. And yet the agricultural sector is an extremely and notoriously inertial part of the economy. The successes in this sector have resulted from longstanding, gradual efforts. The fundamental problem of Russian agricultural policy is inconsistency and excessive dependence on high politics, as driven by geopolitical collisions and by transformations in Russia’s internal development model. Let us review the evolution of Russian agricultural policy from the radical-liberal project of the 1990s to the return to state patronage and active support of the agricultural sphere today.
Due to the rapid development of digital economy and frequently emerged new players in the markets, information aggregators, there exists a need to determine what they are to limit the subject field of this concept. This work is an attempt to set a scope of information aggregators, highlight their functional relationship with intermediaries, platforms on two-sided (multi-sided) markets. The conducted research shows that the emergence of an aggregator on a two-sided market is possible when reducing average (per transaction) transaction costs, that reflects different ways to internalize positive indirect network externalities. Furthermore, the comparative advantages of aggregator emergence are closely connected with the type of goods exposed in the market
This article discusses the process of reforming the executive authority in the Russian Federation in the period from 1990s to 2000s paying the attention to advocacy coalitions participation. Authors are wondering what could be done to make the reform of the state apparatus real, not imitation? Based on interviews and secondary data, the authors consistently consider administrative reform steps, focusing on the initiators’ of change objectives and the presence or absence of advocacy coalitions. As a result of this analysis, it is concluded that the reformers gradually came from non-public work on the reform to the realization that it is necessary to expand the composition of the actors involved in the process and to include representatives of civil society and the expert community. However, for various reasons, the full inclusion of NGOs, experts and the media in the process did not occur that had a negative effect on the results of reform.
The paper considers the problem of institutional development in the countries of Central and Eastern Europe. We analyze existing approaches to explaining the factors and determinants of institutional development and strive to determine why there was no evidence of institutional convergence in European countries between 1990 and 2013. We look at theoretical and methodological limitations typical for mainstream approaches to the problem in contemporary political science. The data we utilize comprises a wide range of quantitative variables which measure levels of institutional development, social trust and political capital. We also use our own Total Factor Productivity (TFP) estimates obtained through non-parametric methods using raw data. We analyze relationships between the variables using correlations, regression analysis and clustering. The results of statystical analysis point at the mechanism through which TFP influences institutional development: we show that TFP is a necessary prerequisite for institutional transformation.
On the basis of specially conducted sociological research authors consider a role of business associations of different level in national economy. The special place occupies the analysis of value of business associations in modernization of Russia.
By using the principles of separation of the opening and the limited access proposed by D. North and his colleagues the author explores processes in Russian economy. The subject of his analysis is business associations. The ﬁrst article focuses on the description of the development of this institution in Russia in early and the second half of 1990-s and in the 2000-s (before and after the “Yukos affair”), and ﬁnally, at the present stage
The project of cultural sociology developed by Boris Dubin and his colleagues is often remained out of frames in the discussion of theirs works. Thorough consideration of the principles of cultural analysis which is based on the works of Boris Dubin and Lev Gudkov in the field of sociology of literature can give us an opportunity to reevaluate the place of this project in the history of the humanities in last decades. Ноwever the study of the evolution of the project reveals some conceptual tensions. Further discussion of these tensions seem to be useful as for the productive reception of this project as for the comprehension of the significance of Dubin’s works of 1900s – 2000s in its proliferation.
Article dedicated to the recent history and the current state of human resource aspects of public administration, a major upgrade of the bureaucracy theory and practical attempts to improve it. The analysis of specific, mostly American, literature in this area, containing quite critical impact assessment of civil service reform American. Analogies with the state of the Russian system.