The Impact of Exogenous Asymmetry on Trade and Agglomeration in Core-Periphery Model
EERC Working Paper Series. Economics Education and Research Consortium , 2011. No. 11/05E.
The project studies the Krugman's CP model in the weakly explored case of asymmetric regions in two settings: international trade and agglomeration processes. First setting implies that the industrial labor is immobile, while second one consider mobile industrial labor and long-run equilibria. Analytical study of both settings requires application of advanced mathematical analysis, e.g. implicit function theory. For international trade we find how equilibrium prices, production, consumption, wages and welfare for all population groups respond to shifts in all exogenous parameters: characteristics of utility function, transportation costs and degree of asymmetry in initial labor endowment. As for agglomeration process, it was found that the asymmetry in the population distribution simplifies pattern of agglomeration, making the direction of migration more definite, so the well-known ambiguity of final destination may disappear under sufficiently large extent of asymmetry. From political point of view, it means that under some conditions, openness of international trade may be harmful to immobile population of the smaller country
Научные исследования экономического факультета. Электронный журнал 2014 Т. 6 № 2 С. 39-51
Economic concentration may lead to formation of a dominant market position of the merging companies and reduction in social welfare. On the other hand, economic theory predicts some positive outcomes from mergers between large export trading companies due to increase in their production efficiency and international competitiveness. The balance between benefits and losses in social ...
Added: April 16, 2015
International Trade: David and Goliath / . 2013.
Added: November 20, 2013
М.: ТЕИС, 2014
This study analyzes the effects of reducing trade barriers in the context of the objectives of competition policy. Separate chapters are devoted to the assessment of the height of Russian trade barriers, the analysis of the impact of international trade on domestic prices and concentration of production. ...
Added: October 5, 2014
Развитие национальных экономик в рамках ГЦСС: причины и формы встраивания стран в глобальные цепочки создания стоимости
Вестник Университета (Государственный университет управления) 2014 № 4 С. 107-116
Contemporary research of different international organizations such as OECD, WTO and UNCTAD concentrate more on global value chains (GVCs) analysis. The article is devoted to reasons for rising fragmentation of production in the world economy and forms of participation in GVCs, which are chosen by countries. The article demonstrates theoretical framework for various forms of ...
Added: May 1, 2014
Известия Волгоградского государственного технического университета 2016 № 13 С. 120-131
The foreign economic activity of Russia has undergone major changes lately. Shift from the European partnership towards cooperation with the BRICS and CIS countries leads to the territorial rearrangement of the economic structure. To the maximum extent all these factors impact on development of the export regions. Under the conditions of changing foreign economic priorities ...
Added: April 21, 2017
Универсальный алгоритм выявления направлений повышения эффективности межотраслевых региональных взаимодействий в России (на примере Белгородской области)
Научные ведомости Белгородского государственного университета. Серия: История. Политология. Экономика. Информатика 2012 Т. 13(132) № 23/1 С. 53-59
The existence of a tool of estimation industrial efficiency for public authorities allowing them to make better decisions in economic policy. Attempts to develop such a tool hampered by the lack of a unified system of official regional statistic. Each region has its own system of indicators which does not allow to do inter-regional ...
Added: January 31, 2013
Russian Economic Developments 2013 No. 5 P. 50-55
In mid-April 2013, the Secretariat of the World Trade Organization (WTO) published an annual analytical review on the basis of the results of development of the international trade in 2012 and the prospects of its development in 2013. The above document includes as well the initial statistical data on the global trade in goods and ...
Added: February 8, 2014
Explaining the Productivity Advantages of Manufacturing Firms in Russian Urban Agglomerations / Высшая школа экономики. Series EC "Economics". 2012. No. 22.
This paper empirically analyzes the agglomeration-related productivity premium at the enterprise level of the manufacturing industry in Russia. A settlement is counted as part of an urban agglomeration in two cases: that of a large, central city and that of a town located within 50 kilometers of the central city. Data obtained from a 2009 ...
Added: January 15, 2013
Экономический журнал Высшей школы экономики 2017
This paper aims to review the existing theoretical and empirical studies of corruption in the customs service in order to identify opportunities for further research. The paper begins with a brief description of corruption in the customs service with an identification of key factors contributing to its development. This is followed by an overview of ...
Added: September 28, 2017
Международная экономика 2014 № 3 С. 17-29
Trade restrictions on the way to “green” economy: a survival tool or a new protectionism The article considered the new risks of controls in national and international trade that affect the conditions of access of goods to national markets and the development of protectionism. The authors argue that the international community developed mechanisms to protect ...
Added: October 13, 2014
Финансы: теория и практика 2016 Т. 20 № 6 С. 78-84
In the article the analysis of the influence of economic sanctions on the processes of Russia’s political and economic self-identification is carried out. Also the evaluation of reciprocal measures of Russia is carried out. The conducted research has shown that for stabilization of Russian economy it is necessary not only to re-direct the foreign trade relations, but also to ...
Added: September 15, 2016
Форсайт 2016 Т. 10 № 1 С. 69-82
The objective of this paper is to analyse the scope for improving empirical and methodological foundation of global value chains (GVCs) research and for making relevant political decisions, primarily through application of foresight methodology. The authors review major trends of global value chains’ development, specific features of Russia’s participation in them, and the necessary steps ...
Added: March 31, 2016
Журнал Новой экономической ассоциации 2013 № 17 С. 44-62
We study multiregional extension of Krugman's Core-Periphery model. Comprehensive characterization of agglomeration stability is obtained in terms of the basic parameters of model. In particular, condition of uniqueness of the stable total agglomerated equilibrium were obtained. The main feature of this paper is that the considered model is asymmetric, i.e., uneven allocation of the immobile (agricultural) population across ...
Added: April 9, 2013
The Review of Economics and Statistics 2013 Vol. 95 No. 2 P. 702-709
We investigate the 2008–2009 trade collapse using microdata from a small open economy, Belgium. Belgian exports and imports mostly fell because of smaller quantities sold and unit prices charged rather than fewer firms, trading partners, and products being involved in trade. Our difference-in-difference results point to a fall in the demand for tradables as the ...
Added: November 20, 2013
Papers in Regional Science 2016 Vol. 95 No. 3 P. 633-651
Anas's impossibility theorem states that monopolistic competition or economies of scale alone are insufficient to explain growth of cities in response to growing population or decreasing trade costs (under constant urban costs); cities shrink. To enhance realism of assumptions, instead of Anas's normative approach, we study stable equilibria in the presence of another sector. Still, ...
Added: October 9, 2014
Macroeconomic Dynamics 2016 Vol. 20 P. 214-228
This work shows the asymmetric effect of the reduction in transportation costs across different sectors in the process of the Great Divergence. Specifically, the analysis indicates that reductions in transportation costs of industrial goods enhance convergence of the growth rates of trading economies. In contrast, reductions in transportation costs of non-industrial goods contribute to a ...
Added: January 31, 2018
Известия Уральского федерального университета. Серия 3: Общественные науки 2011 Т. 88 № 1 С. 112-123
The article is devoted to the analysis of trends in international trade development in Russia in the period following trade liberalization. Using statistical data analysis changes in scale and the structure of international trade since the first years of economic reforms in Russia are estimated. ...
Added: November 14, 2012
International Trade: David and Goliath / . 2013.
Added: November 20, 2013
Включение национальных экономик в глобальные цепочки стоимости: изменение парадигмы организации внешнеэкономических связей
Современная конкуренция 2014 № 2 (44) С. 37-54
Nowadays research of different international economic organizations concentrate more on global value chains (GVCs) analysis. Production processes of majority of goods are not limited to the production in a single country. Furthermore, involvement in different stages of production depends on the level of technological and innovative development of the country as well as on the ...
Added: May 1, 2014
Journal of Regional Science 2020 Vol. 60 No. 1 P. 88-128
We document the geographic concentration patterns of Russian manufacturing using detailed microgeographic data. About 80% of three‐digit industries are significantly agglomerated, and a similar share of three‐digit industry pairs is significantly coagglomerated. Industry pairs with stronger buyer–supplier links—as measured using Russian input–output tables—tend to be slightly more coagglomerated. This result is robust to instrumental variable ...
Added: April 10, 2019
Проблемы Дальнего Востока 2016 № 3 С. 112-120
Во вступительной части статьи представлен краткий обзор результатов исследований ряда азиатских специалистов по вопросам взаимовлияния политического и экономического аспектов японо-китайских отношений во второй половине XX века. В основной части работы с использованием эконометрических методов выявляется взаимосвязь между политическими событиями и тенденциями развития торговых отношений Японии и КНР на современном этапе. Автор оценивает применимость либеральных теорий ...
Added: June 5, 2016
Trade Patterns and Export Pricing Under Non-CES Preferences / . 2013. No. 124.
We develop a two-factor, two-sector trade model of monopolistic competition with variable elasticity of substitution. Firm profit and firm size may increase or decrease with market integration depending on the degree of asymmetry between countries. The country in which capital is relatively abundant is a net exporter of the manufactured good, while both firms' size ...
Added: November 19, 2013
LUT Scientific and Expertise Publications 2013 No. 13 P. 34-37
We consider a dependence of the growth rate on the elasticity of factor substitution in a framework of a model of mutual dependence of n agents. This model is interpreted as a network structure and can be used to analyze agglomerations. The development is modeled as an increase in values of the agents in a ...
Added: September 11, 2013
International Journal of Water Resources Development 2016
For the last decades, increasing water scarcity and economic globalization gave an impulse to the development of virtual water concept. It pays special attention to water footprints of internationally traded goods and examines international trade flows from the perspective of virtual water embodied in them. Though this theory is widely criticized as irrelevant to real-world ...
Added: January 29, 2016