Big-Data-Augmented Approach to Emerging Technologies Identification: Case of Agriculture and Food Sector
Высшая школа экономики , 2017. No. WP BRP 76/STI/2017.
The paper discloses a new approach to emerging technologies identification, which strongly relies on capacity of big data analysis, namely text mining augmented by syntactic analysis techniques. It discusses the wide context of the task of identifying emerging technologies in a systemic and timely manner, including its place in the methodology of foresight and future-oriented technology analysis, its use in horizon scanning exercises, as well as its relation to the field of technology landscape mapping and tech mining. The concepts of technology, emerging technology, disruptive technology and other related terms are assessed from the semantic point of view. Existing approaches to technology identification and technology landscape mapping (in wide sense, including entity linking and ontology-building for the purposes of effective STI policy) are discussed, and shortcomings of currently available studies on emerging technologies in agriculture and food sector (A&F) are analyzed. The opportunities of the new big-data-augmented methodology are shown in comparison to existing results, both globally and in Russia. As one of the practical results of the study, the integrated ontology of currently emerging technologies in A&F sector is introduced. The directions and possible criteria of further enhancement and refinement of proposed methodology are contemplated, with special attention to use of bigger volumes of data, machine learning and ontology-mining / entity linking techniques for the maximum possible automation of the analytical work in the discussed field. The practical implication of the new approach in terms of its effectiveness and efficiency for evidence-based STI policy and corporate strategic planning are shortly summed up as well.
Detecting and Validating Global Technology Trends Using Quantitative and Expert-Based Foresight Techniques
, , et al., / Высшая школа экономики. Series WP BRP "Science, Technology and Innovation". 2018. No. 82.
This paper contributes to the conceptualisation and operationalisation of the “technology trend” discussion in the scope of the Technology Foresight paradigm. It proposes a consistent logical approach to analysing technology trends and increase predictive potential of futures studies. The approach integrates Big Data analysis into the Foresight studies’ toolset by means of applying text mining, ...
Added: October 3, 2018
, , et al., Scientometrics 2021 Vol. 126 P. 1553-1579
Identifying and monitoring business and technological trends are crucial for innovation and competitiveness of businesses. Exponential growth of data across the world is invaluable for identifying emerging and evolving trends. On the other hand, the vast amount of data leads to information overload and can no longer be adequately processed without the use of automated ...
Added: March 24, 2021
, , , / Высшая школа экономики. Series WP BRP "Science, Technology and Innovation". 2013. No. 19/STI/2013.
Currently the framework conditions for science and technology and innovation (STI) policy have changed significantly in Russia: a system of technology forecasting has been established, which focuses on ensuring the future needs of the manufacturing sector of the national economy. This system was supposed to be the main part of the state strategy planning system ...
Added: October 10, 2013
Science, Technology and Innovation Policy for the Future — Potentials and Limits of Foresight Studies
Dordrecht, L., Heidelberg, NY : Springer, 2013
The book gives practical guidance for policy makers, analysts and researchers on how to make the most of the potential of Foresight studies. Based on the concept of evidence-based policy-making, Foresight studies are common practice in many countries and are commonly understood as a supportive tool in designing future-oriented strategies. The book outlines approaches and ...
Added: June 3, 2013
, , et al., Technology Analysis & Strategic Management 2020 Vol. 32 No. 5 P. 516-528
The system of food production is facing grand challenges, such as a rising population, climate change, degrading bio-productivity of agricultural land and over-fishing. Agriculture and food production are becoming more innovative and implement new infrastructure, IT-platforms or biotechnologies, like gene editing or synthetic food production. A more advanced knowledge base about food innovations helps customers ...
Added: October 16, 2019
, , / Высшая школа экономики. Series WP BRP "Science, Technology and Innovation". 2013. No. 15.
How can we think about the implications of radical technological change for employment and skills? Given the long lead-times required to train professionals, this is an important question, and standard approaches to modeling employment and occupational trends only provide limited parts of the answer. Innovation studies provide us with some further tools for tackling the ...
Added: July 24, 2013
, , Управленческое консультирование 2015 № 7 С. 45-56
The scientific novelty of the author's approach is that foresight is regarded as a technology development and monitoring the implementation of the most important documents of strategic planning of urban development. The theoretical basis of the methodology defined by the concept of creative foresight of the city and smart city, allowing to characterize the urban ...
Added: June 20, 2015
, , et al., Нефтепереработка и нефтехимия. Научно-технические достижения и передовой опыт 2014 № 10 С. 17-20
The article describes an approach to long-term forecasting of energy sector development from the point of view of "Grand challenges". The key trends and challenges affecting the development of the Russian energy sector are considered with the purpose to increase the efficiency of sectoral strategic planning. ...
Added: November 28, 2014
Инструменты форсайта и краудсорсинга как источники формирования конкурентного потенциала муниципального образования
, В кн. : Актуальные проблемы и перспективы развития государственного управления. : М. : Юстицинформ, 2014. С. 358-365.
Questions of the modern system of municipalities’ strategic planning are considered in the article. One of the key factors of increasing the effectiveness of social-economic development of the territory is involvement of all stakeholders of municipality in the strategic vision. Effective involvement of stakeholders in the strategic planning is possible with using instruments of crowdsourcing ...
Added: May 16, 2014
, , in : Proceedings of the XXV ISPIM Conference, Innovation for Sustainable Economy & Society - ISBN 978-952-265-591-2. : [б.и.], 2014.
This paper deals with the creation of a new approach of roadmapping for emerging technologies on the example of applying nanotechnology for water treatment. The suggested approach combines revealing both possibilities of production and prospective consumer requirements in relation to innovative outcomes. The integrated roadmap allows revealing and estimating urgent challenges connected with insufficient water ...
Added: January 12, 2015
, , , , in : Bio#Futures. Foreseeing and Exploring the Bioeconomy. : Cham : Springer, 2021. Ch. 10. P. 203-227.
This chapter presents the overview of global challenges and trends, as well as technological landscape and future prospects for science, technology and innovation (STI) in agriculture and food sector. Our study is based on a systemic mapping of trends and technologies with the combination of big data analysis (text mining) and expert-based methods. The focus ...
Added: May 17, 2021
, , et al., / Высшая школа экономики. Series WP BRP "Science, Technology and Innovation". 2018. No. 78/STI/2018.
The paper analyses problems associated with technologies classification for the purposes of futures studies, in order to ensure definitive inclusion of technologies in specific classes/types when conventional approaches to classification are applied. The evolution of classification approaches in the scope of science philosophy is shortly reviewed, together with the latest research on expert-based and computerised ...
Added: January 22, 2018
, , Информационные ресурсы России 2010 № 4 С. 18-23
In the past decades Foresight has been significantly developed as a tool for long-term forecasting in the field of power generation and energy efficiency. Such research aims at investigation of the most promising innovation strategies in this area, identifying various (including alternative) ways to achieve technological and market goals with the participation of best qualified ...
Added: October 7, 2012
, , et al., Scientometrics 2017 Vol. 111 No. 3 P. 2059-2075
Rapid changes in Science & Technology (S&T) along with breakthroughs in products and services concern a great deal of policy and strategy makers and lead to an ever increasing number of Foresight and other types of forward-looking work. At the outset, the purpose of these efforts is to investigate emerging S&T areas, set priorities and ...
Added: December 21, 2016
, Продовольственная безопасность 2015 № 3 С. 100-103
Modern trends in the IT perspective can contribute to the efficient development of Russian agriculture. Examples from various countries show that in adverse economic conditions information technology is a powerful tool for overcoming the crisis in the agricultural industry. ...
Added: December 17, 2015
, , , / Высшая школа экономики. Series WP BRP "Science, Technology and Innovation". 2018. No. 88.
This paper defines a stress scenario as a global or national business development leading to the scrapping of established trends as a result of one or several technological breakthroughs, which can combine with a number of events and factors unfavorable for the global or national economy. The paper presents an analysis of technological shifts in ...
Added: October 3, 2018
XII Международная научная конференция НИУ ВШЭ по проблемам развития экономики и общества. Семинар «Научно-техническая и инновационная политика»
, , et al., Форсайт 2011 Т. 5 № 2 С. 66-75
В начале апреля 2011 г. в рамках Международной научной конференции НИУ ВШЭ по проблемам развития экономики и общества состоялся семинар «Научно-техническая и инновационная политика», организованный Институтом статистических исследований и экономики знаний НИУ ВШЭ. Фокусом семинара стали следующие темы: переход национальной экономики к инновационному росту; научно-техническая политика в контексте глобальных трендов; формирование долгосрочных приоритетов инновационного развития ...
Added: December 9, 2012
, Информационные технологии в проектировании и производстве 2011 № 3 С. 40-48
Nowadays local government is under growing pressure to ensure its operations are responsive to the needs of citizens. As a result, strategic planning became widely used by municipal governments as a tool to establish a formalized strategic plan. Strategic planning has been used in municipalities for 20 years now, but little is known about how ...
Added: December 10, 2012
, Логистика и управление цепями поставок 2014 № № 5 (64)
It is impossible to manage a contemporary company without strategic planning and regular monitoring of goals and development direction of supply chain. Top management is in charge of solving tasks regarding merges and acquisitions, competition in the regional markets, influences of price change of raw material and components, problems of JIT transportations, demand structure and ...
Added: October 28, 2015
, Логистика и управление цепями поставок 2014 № 2 (61)
The article provides an overview of implementation project of strategic supply chain modeling system at International Coal Company. The detailed analysis of project phases and associated risks is performed. Author provides recommendations regarding minimization of the project implementation risks and optimization of planning business processes. ...
Added: October 28, 2015
Technology transfer into Russia’s agricultural sector — Can public funding replace ailing business engagement?
, , Science and Public Policy 2018 Vol. 45 No. 5 P. 683-691
The Russian government plans to lift the country’s agriculture and food productions and aims to become the biggest global supplier of healthy, high-quality, and ecologically ‘clean’ foods. Although innovative activities in the field have been rising over the last decade, the intensity still remains far below both other Russian economic activities as well as other ...
Added: February 13, 2018
Developing a statistical framework for the measurement of enabling technologies and their applications: draft guidelines for collecting and interpreting technology data
, , , / Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. Series DSTI/EAS/STP/NESTI "Working Party of National Experts on Science and Technology Indicators". 2012. No. DSTI/EAS/STP/NESTI(2012)9/ANN1.
The paper provides a number of proposed draft operational guidelines for technology measurement and includes a number of tentative technology definitions to be used for statistical purposes, principles for identification and classification of potentially growing technology areas, suggestions on the survey strategies and indicators. These are the key components of an internationally harmonized framework for ...
Added: January 9, 2013
The Analysis of the UK Technology Foresight Programme from the Dialogue, Vision and Dissemination Perspectives
, , in : Participation and Interaction in Foresight: Dialogue, Dissemination and Visions. : Cheltenham : Edward Elgar Publishing, 2013. Ch. 10. P. 201-211.
This paper presents an analysis of the UK Technology Foresight Exercise from the Dialogue, Vision and Dissemination perspectives. Participation and dialogue-based visioning and policy making process was one of the key components of the Foresight exercise, which aimed at involving stakeholders to set priorities in the UK science base and industry. In this way, the ...
Added: July 3, 2013
, Логистика 2015 № 12
In the article common goals and tasks of strategic supply chain planning are formalized. Key strategic supply chain modeling methods are analyzed. Overview of the corresponding mathematical software tools is provided. Conclusions and recommendations are provided at the end of the article. ...
Added: January 3, 2016