MOTOR (BUT NOT AUDITORY) ATTENTION AFFECTS SYNTACTIC CHOICE
Understanding the determinants of syntactic choice in sentence production is a salient topic in psycholinguistics. Existing evidence suggests that syntactic choice results from an interplay between linguistic and non-linguistic factors, and a speaker’s attention to the elements of a described event represents one such factor. Whereas multimodal accounts of attention suggest a role for different modalities in this process, existing studies examining attention effects in syntactic choice are primarily based on visual cueing paradigms. Hence, it remains unclear whether attentional effects on syntactic choice are limited to the visual modality or may be subject to cross-modal interaction. The current study addressed this issue. Native English participants viewed and described line drawings of simple transitive events while their attention was directed to the location of the agent or the patient of the depicted event by means of either an auditory (monaural beep) or a motor (unilateral key press) lateral cue. Our results show an effect of cue location, with participants producing more passive-voice descriptions in the patient-cued conditions. Crucially, this cue location effect emerged in the motor-cue but not in the auditory-cue condition, as confirmed by a reliable interaction between cue location (agent vs. patient) and cue type (auditory vs. motor). Our data suggest that attentional effects on the speaker’s syntactic choices are modality dependent and appear to be more prominent in the visuomotor domain than in the auditory domain.
, , Psychology. Journal of the Higher School of Economics 2018 Vol. 15 No. 2 P. 209-221
One of the topics in current psycholinguistics research is studying the factors affecting syntactic choice in sentence production. Previous research suggests that syntactic choice results from an interplay between linguistic and non-linguistic factors, and a speaker’s attention to the elements of a described event represents one such factor. It is a well-established fact that our ...
Added: September 25, 2018
, , МЕТОД: Московский ежегодник трудов из обществоведческих дисциплин 2017 С. 271-295
This paper offers a review of experimental evidence about the role of the speaker's attention in the choise of syntactic structure and the corresponding word order during sentence production. Here , we describe how the speaker's syntactic choices reflect the regular mapping mechanism responsible for reflecting the features of the described event in the produced ...
Added: December 1, 2016
States of focused attention and sequential action: A comparison of single session meditation and computerised attention task influences on top-down control during sequence learning
, , , Acta Psychologica 2018 Vol. 191 P. 87-100
Motor sequence learning is considered the result of the outflow of information following cognitive control processes that are shared by other goal-directed behaviours. Emerging evidence suggests that focused-attention meditation (FAM) establishes states of enhanced cognitive control, that then exert top-down control biases in subsequent unrelated tasks. With respect to sequence learning, a single-session of FAM ...
Added: October 29, 2018
Attention to language: Novel MEG paradigm for registering involuntary language processing in the brain
, , et al., Neuropsychologia 2012 Vol. 50 No. 11 P. 2605-2616
Previous research indicates that, under explicit instructions to listen to spoken stimuli or in speech-oriented behavioural tasks, the brain's responses to senseless pseudowords are larger than those to meaningful words; the reverse is true in non-attended conditions. These differential responses could be used as a tool to trace linguistic processes in the brain and their ...
Added: October 23, 2014
, Journal of Russian and East European Psychology 2011 Vol. 49 No. 3 P. 24-39
Theoretical accounts of attention and its role in involuntary remembering are discussed within the frameworks of P.I. Zinchenko and levels of processing by Craik and Lockhart. A levels-of-attention framework is proposed on the grounds of the ideas discussed. In the experimental study participants had to perform orienting tasks with words under four different instructions implying ...
Added: January 20, 2013
, , et al., Plos One 2018 Vol. 10 No. 13 P. 1-18
We utilized the event-related potential (ERP) technique to study neural activity associated with different levels of working memory (WM) load during simultaneous interpretation (SI) of continuous prose. The amplitude of N1 and P1 components elicited by task-irrelevant tone probes was significantly modulated as a function of WM load but not the direction of interpretation. Furthermore, ...
Added: November 1, 2018
Background Gamma Activity in the Electroencephalogram as a Measure of the Level of Sustained (tonic) Attention during Execution of the “Active Oddball” Paradigm in rabbits
, , et al., Neuroscience and Behavioral Physiology 2012 Vol. 42 No. 6 P. 567-574
Tonic brain activity has significant influences on the nature of a subject’s responses to target sensory stimuli. We report here studies of the dynamics of the background activity in the gamma-rhythm range of the EEG in rabbits during execution of an “active oddball” paradigm modified for animals – a task widely used for studies of ...
Added: December 6, 2012
, , , The Influence of Happiness and Anxiety on Emotional Stroop Effect / Высшая школа экономики. Series PSY "Psychology". 2022. No. 131.
The main aim of this study was to examine how happiness and anxiety influence emotional Stroop effect. According to the principle of emotion congruence, information processing is facilitated if its emotional tone matches an individual’s mood. The first hypothesis suggested that emotional Stroop effect would be greater with stimuli incongruent with a participant’s emotional state. The ...
Added: June 14, 2022
, Journal of Vision 2015 Vol. 15 No. 8 P. 1-14
Ensemble summary statistics represent multiple objects on the high level of abstraction—that is, without representing individual features and ignoring spatial organization. This makes them especially useful for the rapid visual categorization of multiple objects of different types that are intermixed in space. Rapid categorization implies our ability to judge at one brief glance whether all ...
Added: September 7, 2015
, Психологический журнал 2010 Т. 31 № 3 С. 25-32
Distractor's effect (stimulus which is irrelevant at a certain moment and ignored) on task solving efficiency is considered. It is revealed that according to problem situation and connection with target stimulus any distractor can produce two opposite effects: negative - interference and positive - redundancy effect. Distractor effects' classification based on one of possible grounds ...
Added: October 2, 2012
, , , Psychology & Neuroscience 2013 Vol. 6 No. 3 P. 235-245
The research examines the structure of interrelations of brain event-related potentials to behavioral measures and temperament dimensions during an attentional task. Three temperament questionnaires were used: Eysenck Personality Inventory, Strelau Temperament Inventory and Rusalov Structure of Temperament Questionnaire. Event-related potentials were recorded under the active auditory oddball paradigm. The stimuli (85 dB, 1050 and 1000 ...
Added: June 30, 2013
, , Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance 2016 Vol. 42 No. 7 P. 995-1007
The heterogeneity of our visual environment typically reduces the speed with which a singleton target can be found. Visual search theories explain this via nontarget similarities and dissimilarities that affect grouping, perceptual noise, etc. Here, we show that increasing the heterogeneity of a display can facilitate rather than inhibit visual search for size and orientation ...
Added: October 24, 2014
, , Вопросы психологии 2014 № 4 С. 107-117
Многие характеристики множества объектов могут быть представлены в виде сводной статистики по всему множеству. Статистические свойства рассчитываются как глобальная характеристика множества объектов при восприятии свойств отдельных объектов. Предположительно, статистические свойства множества могут быть связаны с эффективностью зрительного поиска. Проведено экспериментальное исследование на материале зрительного поиска объекта по размеру, где изучалась зависимость скорости поиска от сходства ...
Added: October 6, 2014
Сознание и внимание в современной когнитивной науке: от «зрительных ансамблей» до укрупнения перцептивных единиц
, , Петербургский психологический журнал 2016 № 17 С. 104-124
The paper traces the intersections between the problem of attention in the classical psychology of consciousness and a set of related problems discussed in the state of the art cognitive psychology and neuroscience. Among them are issues related to the demarcation between processing which could be performed without attention and processes which require attentional involvement. ...
Added: January 9, 2017
Проявление индивидуальных особенностей темперамента в параметрах поведенческих реакций и когнитивных вызванных потенциалов в ситуации внимания
, , et al., Психологический журнал Международного университета природы, общества и человека Дубна 2012 № 3 С. 1-7
Работа посвящена изучению структуры взаимосвязей между параметрами темперамента, поведенческими данными и когнитивными вызванными потенциалами в ситуации внимания. Задача, стоящая перед испытуемыми, состояла в различении стимулов слуховой модальности при реализации методики одд-болл. Показано, что более эффективная и стабильная реакция испытуемых на целевой стимул сопровождалась рядом определенных характеристик поздних когнитивных вызванных потенциалов: меньшей амплитудой N2, большей амплитудой ...
Added: December 3, 2012
Distributed feature binding in the auditory modality: experimental evidence toward reconciliation of opposing views on the basis of mismatch negativity and behavioral measures
, , et al., NeuroReport 2016 Vol. 27 No. 11 P. 837-842
Current understanding of feature binding remains controversial. Studies involving mismatch negativity (MMN) measurement show a low level of binding, whereas behavioral experiments suggest a higher level. We examined the possibility that the two levels of feature binding coexist and may be shown within one experiment. The electroencephalogram was recorded while participants were engaged in an ...
Added: August 31, 2016
, , et al., Физиология человека (перевод) 2015 Т. 41 № 4 С. 37-43
We studied the features of cognitive functions of attention and decision making in 18 healthy subjects and 15 patients with schizophrenia with the use of pairs of two short visual stimuli (double step). In the group of patients with schizophrenia, we observed a higher number of errors and higher frequency of modified saccad ic pattern ...
Added: July 17, 2015
Event-related potential study of P2 and N2 components on fast and slow responses in the auditory condensation task
, , Event-related potential study of P2 and N2 components on fast and slow responses in the auditory condensation task / Издательский дом НИУ ВШЭ. Series WP BRP "PSYCHOLOGY". 2016. No. WP BRP 70/PSY/2016.
In tasks involving response choice based on certain stimulus-to-response mappings, at least two stages of information processing may be involved: (1) formation of sensory stimulus object representations leading to stimulus identification, and (2) application of stimulus-to-response mappings (i.e. “task rules”) to these representations leading to response selection. Most of the research done in this area ...
Added: December 25, 2016
, , Frontiers in Neuroscience 2019 P. 1-10
Although the Developmental Language Disorder (DLD), also known as Specific Language Impairment in children has been the focus of unceasing scientific attention for decades, the nature and mechanisms of this disorder remain unclear. Most importantly, we still cannot reliably identify children requiring urgent intervention among other ‘late talkers’ at an early age and understand the ...
Added: January 21, 2019
, , Second Language Research 2015 No. 31 P. 75-104
Added: October 21, 2015
, , et al., Theta, alpha and beta band modulations during auditory condensation task performance / Высшая школа экономики. Series PSY "Psychology". 2017. No. WP BRP 81/PSY/2017.
Outcome of a behavioral response can be detected either internally at the time of the response commission, or externally through a feedback signal. In both cases, a number of brain networks that subserve cognitive control are recruited, all networks having certain distinctive signatures in electroencephalographic oscillations. Yet most studies in the field have several limitations. ...
Added: October 19, 2017
Mismatch negativity affects muscle fatigue during repeated contraction trials of different durations
, , et al., Frontiers in Physiology 2016 Vol. 7 No. 13
We examined the effect of involuntary attention switching (related to mismatch negativity generation in the oddball paradigm) on fatigue development during trials of different durations. The experiment consisted of two trials, long (40 min) and short (15 min), and two experimental conditions in each trial: the simple reaction task (deviants-only paradigm) and the stimuli recognition ...
Added: June 4, 2016
Neural dynamics of inflectional and derivational processing in spoken word comprehension: Laterality and automaticity
, , , Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 2013 Vol. 7 No. 759 P. 1-15
Rapid and automatic processing of grammatical complexity is argued to take place during speech comprehension, engaging a left-lateralized fronto-temporal language network. Here we address how neural activity in these regions is modulated by the grammatical properties of spoken words. We used combined magneto- and electroencephalography to delineate the spatiotemporal patterns of activity that support the ...
Added: October 23, 2014
, , et al., Acta Psychologica 2020 Vol. 208 P. 103107
Inhibition of return (IOR) represents a delay in responding to a previously inspected location and is viewed as a crucial mechanism that sways attention toward novelty in visual search. Although most visual processing occurs in retinotopic, eye-centered, coordinates, IOR must be coded in spatiotopic, environmental, coordinates to successfully serve its role as a foraging facilitator. ...
Added: October 22, 2019