Anomie And Alienation In The Post-Communist Area: A Reapplication Of The Middleton Scale In Russia And Kazakhstan
Psychology. PSY. Высшая школа экономики , 2015. No. WP BRP 32/PSY/2015.
Unlike commonly used, anomie and alienation not only have different theoretical backgrounds, but also different indicators and predictors. I examine the highly institutionalized alienation scale originally introduced by Middleton (1963), reapplied as a measurement of alienation (Seeman, 1991) and anomie (Huschka and Mau 2005, 2006) in a very relevant context for an anomic situation – the post-Communist countries Russia and Kazakhstan (round six of the World Values Surveys fielded the alienation question in just these two countries). Based on confirmatory factor analysis and multiple group comparisons, I find that the scale consists of two dimensions, which can be described as an anomie and alienation. The anomic dimension consists of indicators “normlessness” and “powerlessness,” whereas the alienative one is comprised by “social isolation”, “meaninglessness,” and “job dissatisfaction.” Though the structure proves to have full invariance in both countries, the predictors for anomie and alienation are different. For both countries, only income is an important predictor for anomie, and though to a lower degree, for alienation. In Kazakhstan, the level of urbanization also provides an impact on the level of anomie. Apart from income, in Russia alienation can be predicted by gender, and type of occupation (manual or intellectual), whereas in Kazakhstan it can be predicted by age
Экономическая социология 2016 Т. 17 № 2 С. 21-49
Полиция является важнейшим институтом подержания правопорядка и безопасности в стране. Работа в полиции сопряжена с повышенным риском, ответственностью и высокими требованиями к выполняемым функциям со стороны общества и государства. Развитие страны детерминирует постоянное совершенствование полиции как института, с чем связаны последние реформы полиции во многих странах с переходной экономикой. Одной из основных составляющих этих реформ ...
Added: June 17, 2016
Экономическая социология 2016 Т. 17 № 2 С. 21-49
The police force is the crucial pillar of safety and order in a country. Work in the police is considered to be risky, highly demanding, and very responsible. Both government and society expect excellent work from police officers. A country’s development defines the development of its institutions, including the police, which is why many transition economies went through police reforms ...
Added: June 6, 2016
Национальные стратегии развития тюркоязычных стран: материалы V Конгресса социологов тюркоязычных стран (Алматы, 25–26 апреля 2014 г.)
Алматы: [б.и.], 2014
NATIONAL STRATEGIES FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF TURKISH-SPEAKING COUNTRIES: Collection of materials of the V Congress of Sociologists of Turkic-speaking countries ...
Added: October 18, 2016
L., NY: Routledge, 2016
This book tells the untold story of how ordinary Russian people experienced and coped with Russia’s transformations after the end of communism. Unlike most studies of the subject which focus on high politics, developments in the elite and events at the centre, this book, which includes findings from interviews, memoirs, public opinion surveys and press ...
Added: June 23, 2016
Жили-были старик со старухой… Опыт сравнительного анализа современной культуры старости в России и Китае на фоне глобализации
Полигнозис 2013 № 1-4(45) С. 135-145
The article substantiates comparative approach to study the culture of old age in modern Russia and China. Russian and Chinese cultures of old age are perceived as difficult semiotic spheres. The article demonstrates the role of national traditions in shaping the values of the culture of old age. The article reveals the role of dominant ...
Added: February 10, 2014
Азия и Африка сегодня 2017 № 7 С. 43-47
The article discusses the dialogue between the cultures of Russia and Japan in the post-Soviet period. Despite the complex relations at the state level, characterized by mutual distrust of parties, as well as significant differences in interpersonal relations between Russians and Japanese, a cultural dialogue continues between Russia and Japan, based on mutual interest of ...
Added: July 30, 2017
Making Politics Attractive: Political Satire and Exposure to Political Information in New Media Environment in Russia
Making Politics Attractive: Political Satire and Exposure to Political Information in New Media Environment in Russia / Высшая школа экономики. Series PS "Political Science". 2018. No. WP BRP 63/PS/2018.
There is an extensive body of research devoted to how political satire affects political knowledge and political behavior. Extant studies are focused on political satire in democratic countries and do not pay enough attention to authoritarian regimes. This study extends this research to non- democratic regimes, while also adding to it by exploring the extent ...
Added: November 22, 2018
International Social Work 2014 Vol. 57 No. 5 P. 459-469
Based on the 2008 data from ESS, the article analyses the attitudes of Russians towards state social policy, and compares their opinions with those of populations in selected European countries. The research identifies the factors affecting social attitudes toward welfare policies. Results suggest that Russians believe that the majority of social support functions must be ...
Added: October 14, 2014
Civil Society Awakens? The Systemic and Non-Systemic Opposition in the Russian Federation: National and Regional Dimensions
L.: Ashgate, 2015
Added: October 24, 2014
Полис. Политические исследования 2019 № 4 С. 119-131
The article presents the results of the study based on the data of the 2012 European Social Survey. The author analyzed the correlation between the population’s attitude towards democracy and the assessment of the importance of its individual aspects (“understanding” of democracy). The analysis was carried out on data from Russia and groups of European ...
Added: November 28, 2018
Goteborg: University of Goteborg, 2011
The general aim of this thesis is to explore the gendered and classed nature of social work and social welfare in Russia to show how social policy can be a part of and reinforce marginalisation. The overall research question is in what ways class and gender are constructed in Russian social work practice and welfare ...
Added: February 28, 2013
Непреодолимый посредник: отчуждение человека из процесса коммуникации на примере систем управления обучением
Знание. Понимание. Умение 2015 № 4 С. 204-211
The article is devoted to the critical analysis of the problem of eliminating humans from the process of communication due to the occurrence of an irresistible mediator. The case in point is the implementation and operation of learning management systems (LMS). In the information society, ‘inhuman’ technology acts as a mediator, completely abandoning the subjectivity, ...
Added: January 2, 2016
To decentralize or to continue on the centralization track: The cases of authoritarian regimes in Russia and Kazakhstan
Journal of Eurasian Studies 2018 Vol. 9 No. 1 P. 61-71
Decisions on decentralization versus centralization come as a result of strategic choices made by politicians after weighing their costs and benefits. In authoritarian regimes, the highest-priority political task is that of restraining political competition and securing power in the hands of the incumbent. This task incentivizes politicians to restrict political decentralization (or at least block ...
Added: November 1, 2018
Власть 2015 № 10 С. 171-181
The article presents the results of a comparative study of attitudes toward social role of the state and the factors of their formation in Russia and Germany. The study was conducted on the data of the European Social Survey (ESS, 2008). The author analyzes not only the data on Germany as a whole, but also ...
Added: October 13, 2015
Survey Research Methods 2020 Vol. 14 No. 4 P. 365-397
The article contributes to the issue how to deal with measurement non-variance. I address a well-established scale by Middleton (1963) which was created to measure alienation. However, unlike commonly treated in literature, there is evidence that the scale is two-dimensional, and consists of the measures of anomie and alienation. I use the data from two ...
Added: October 14, 2020
European Politics and Society 2019 Vol. 20 No. 4 P. 502-518
The use of populist ideology can be an important element of the survival strategy for authoritarian leaders being an important tool for regime stabilization. The incentives for using populist ideology are shaping in response to a current combination of a threat to incumbent’s rule. As the examples of Putin and Nazarbayev, ruling in neighbouring authoritarian ...
Added: November 8, 2019
Alternatives to State Approaches in Turkey and Russia: The Politics of Memory and Civic Activism in Comparison
Caucasus Edition: Journal of Conflict Transformation 2019 Vol. 4 No. 2 P. 36-67
This study focuses on different forms of civil memory activism and their broader consequences in two neighboring powers in the South Caucasus: Turkey and Russia. Civil memory activism is crucial not only for opening up a novel space for dealing with the past but also for strengthening civil society and non-state initiatives. Moreover, the notions of ...
Added: September 30, 2020
Психологические исследования: электронный научный журнал 2015 Т. 8 № 44 С. 6-6
We test the measurement invariance of Emotional Control Values (ECV) questionnaire by A. Mauss which measures the value of emotional control and self-efficacy of emotional control; the study uses samples from Russia (N=256) and Azerbaijan (N=205). Using multi-group confirmatory factor analysis we developed partial scalar invariance models which allow to compare the latent factor parameters ...
Added: December 15, 2015
Особенности понимания демократии и их взаимосвязь с ресурсными характеристиками населения: на примере России и Германии
Социологический журнал 2018 Т. 24 № 3 С. 76-97
В статье представлены результаты анализа особенностей понимания демократии на примере населения России и Германии, в том числе ее Западных и Восточных земель. Различия в трактовке этого понятия могут оказать значительное влияние на ответы респондентов об их отношении к демократии и удовлетворенности ею в стране. На данных Европейского социального исследования за 2012 г. проведен сравнительный анализ ...
Added: October 17, 2018
Explaining the Role of Culture and Traditions in Functioning of Civil Society Organizations in Kazakhstan
Voluntas: International Journal of Voluntary and Nonprofit Organizations 2013 Vol. февраль No. Vol. 24, Issue 2 P. 335-338
Recent studies find that Western-style professional nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) in Kazakhstan and other Central Asian countries are weak and unsustainable. Most of these NGOs developed strong dependency on foreign donors for funds, and did not develop local network of support. This study is conducted to understand the lack of effectiveness of NGOs in Kazakhstan and ...
Added: January 31, 2013
Ключевые проблемы модернизации России и Китая: направления сравнительных исследований. Вводное выступление за «круглым столом» - «Модернизация в России и Китае в сравнительной перспективе»
Российская история 2012 № 3 С. 45-48
Данная публикация материалов российско-китайского Круглого стола посвящена актуальным проблемам модернизации в двух странах в истории и современности. Показаны возможности сопоставления «военного коммунизма» и «большого скачка», технологий построения индустриального общества и становления политических режимов. ...
Added: December 1, 2012
Вестник международных организаций: образование, наука, новая экономика 2014 № 3 С. 96-111
The regional situation in Eastern Europe changed significantly by the end of the first decade of the 21st century. Competition between Russia and the European Union increased during the 2000s, while at the same time both actors were changing their approach to the six states of the former USSR that lie between Russia and the ...
Added: October 20, 2014
Запрос россиян на сокращение неравенства и факторы его формирования в сравнении с другими европейскими странами
Власть 2017 № 2 С. 27-37
The article presents the results of a comparative research of the severity of the problem of income inequality in the opinion of Russians, compared with opinions of the population of other European countries. The research is based on the data of the European Social Survey for 2008 and 2012. In order to solve the research ...
Added: October 16, 2017
When the Future Came. The Collapse of the USSR and the Emergence of National Memory in Post-Soviet History Textbooks
Stuttgart: ibidem Verlag; Columbia University Press, 2019
This captivating volume brings together case studies drawn from four post-Soviet states—Russia, Ukraine, Belarus, and Moldova. The collected papers illustrate how the events that started in 1985 and brought down the USSR six years later led to the rise of fifteen successor states, with their own historicized collective memories. The volume’s analyses juxtapose history textbooks ...
Added: April 20, 2020