The comparison of the Kaluga and Nizhny Novgorod provinces shows that cluster formation represents a technological instrument of federal policy toward regions. To a degree it is a return to the economic branch approach at the new stage of growth. In the framework of cluster development regulation most Russian regions face the task of remaining within a cluster because it guarantees federal support.
In the present paper we consider the infl uence of limited time resources on the planning of territories. By specifi c example of one of the districts of Nizhniy Novgorod region it is shown how the limitations of political and economic factors change the trajectory of territorial development.