Профессиональная идентичность как фактор конкурентоспособности личности в современном бизнесе
In the last twenty years the number of university programs in Russia which involve the teaching of philosophy has increased dramatically. Despite the growth of the profession of academic philosophy in Russia and the absence of ideological pressure since the collapse of the USSR, Russian philosophers are still not properly integrated in the international field of academic philosophy. I suggest that in order to understand what happened to the University philosopher in Russia after the collapse of the Soviet Union we have to look at the institutional and organizational levels of development of this academic discipline. This article focuses on current changes in the patterns of professional identity of Russian University philosophers. I analyze the institutional history of philosophy departments that were established in universities in the Soviet period. I argue that, on the one hand, the system of organization based on the division of knowledge into sub-disciplines, typical for Soviet universities, helps philosophers today to overcome the crises of professional self-identification after the discrediting of Soviet philosophy. On the other hand, the influence of professional standards follows the regionalization of the philosophical community.
School teacher profession requires salient and intensive professional identity. From group focused interviews on professionalism criteria all the controversies in normative (self)descriptions were systematically selected to show that any apparent contradiction actually include two different discourses: of negative and positive freedom (using Isaiah Berlin’s terms). The first discourse reflects a tendency to escape from heteronomous invasions, the second one — a drive to construct a professional identity autonomously. The case represents institutional situations with a disturbed equilibrium between external and internal regulation in professional identity (re)production.
The proceedings of the III Russian-American Scientifi c Conference “Organizational Psychology: People and Risks” contain the original research papers that explore the Conference topic through the perspectives of general and social psychology, pedagogy and applied branches of the world psychology. Researchers from a number of the Russian universities and their colleagues from Colorado State University, the USA, have contributed to the proceedings. The papers aim at undergraduate, graduate and postgraduate students, faculties of psychology and pedagogy departments, researchers, practicing psychologists and lay people who take an eager interest in modern organizational psychology.