К новой российской гражданской службе. Трудное время реформирования. Параграф 3. Принятая идеология реформы
The article analyses the system of public governance in Russia, including two main sub-divisions of reforms, namely, civil service reform, and administrative reform. The authors examine the principal historical stages of both reforms as the parts of the Russian system of public governance evolution. The configuration of main actors of Russian governance reforms and of government–market relations are presented. The paper focuses on generalising some major characteristics of the administrative mechanisms of governance in Russia as the complex and interlinked entities. Some key elements of Russian governance reforms are described, including organisational aspects of civil service, optimisation of the functions and structure of the executive bodies, implementation of results-based management mechanisms and improvement of the regulatory system, public services delivery, one stop shop procedures, E-government.
Nature of the civil service determines labor relations in public authorities. However, the external environment has a significant impact on human resource management in public authorities, as well raising questions that were not previously problematized. Today in Russian public authorities more than 70% of the employees are women, but most of them face difficulties in career progression. The article deals with the specifics of gender segregation in the state civil service of modern Russia. The author aims to identify peculiarities of the status of women holding on civil service positions, as well as identify the causes of gender discrimination. An empirical study based on a series of semi-structured interviews with female civil servants revealed that both vertical gender segregation ("glass ceiling") and horizontal segregation (“glass walls”) are represented in Russian public authorities. An effort was made to identify the reasons of it. According to the research all that’s happening caused not only by normative consolidation of discriminatory measures against women on civil service, but also by "double employment" of women (ie the need to combine professional activities with unpaid domestic work) and self-discrimination of women
The institutional approach to the reform is the subject of the article.The problems of civil service reform in Russia is the sequence of mistakes at its design.