Искусство протеста: художник и книга в сталинских лагерях
The article presents results of the hermeneutical study of the gender qualities of the personality completed in the framework of the contemporary personology. The study is devoted to justification of the potential of the hermeneutics of books for the discovery of the aspects of gender that are determined by the life of personality in culture. There are presented new models of masculine and feminine genders that are considered as «live» structures of symbolic, metaphysical, archetypical and role qualities of the personality. The article emphasizes that book texts about gender qualities in their differences, unity and dynamics when being the subjects of interpretation may become «cultural tools» of identity and self-cognition of actual people. The study emphasizes potential of hermeneutics in the system of qualitative methods of personology and in the development of counseling and psychotherapy of personality in the aspect of its gender organization, reflection, self-expression and self-assumption. The book strengthens its cultural impact on personality through engagement of its explicit content in theoretical suppositions and practice of personology.
The article is devoted to the book as an opportunity for hermeneutics of a person. Personal relation towards life oppositions becomes the subject of hermeneutic search. Study of this relation is perfomed on the edge of the paradigm of life and personal relations and the cultural paradigm in personology (Starovoitenko E.B.). Examples of hermeneutics of personal relation towards life oppositions, based on the material of books on psychology (S.L.Rubinshtein, E.B.Starovoitenko), Russian classical (F.M.Dostoevsky) and ancient Egypt literature, are provided. This hermeneutic experience is possible due to a number of other books, which has become cultural and scientific instrument for reading the books mentioned above. As a result of hermeneutic study, ontological, cultural-genetic, reflexive and existential-phenomenological models of life oppositions and personal relations towards them are built
The article deals with analysis of complexed and not always clear to a historian relations developed between the old Russian scribes and the princes, their main clients who ordered the codexes. The author puts before himself some principal questions, i.e. for what purpose this or that codex was made, who was the scibe who had written it, what was his social status, why the client addressed this particular scribe, what were the conditions in which that scribe worked and what relations developed between him and his client. As it is shown in the article, without the answer to these questions our notions about the book culture of pre-Mongol Rus', about the contents of the books and about the structure and composition of the then libraries may be considerably distored.