Социальные последствия кризиса и таргетирование индикаторов общественного благосостояния
The authors make analysis of two-dimensional groupings of Russian regions on level of investments in development of social infrastructure. The authors offer possible explanations of weak connection of a level of education development and public health care on the one hand, and level of health and erudition of the population, on the other.
The article investigates the major determinants of total factor productivity of Russian regions, in particular, the role of spillovers and agglomeration effects. Agglomeration effects are found to be important in regions located in the European part of Russia and in regions with low shares of extraction in the gross regional product (GRP): employment density in such regions turns out to be a significant factor determining total factor productivity. At the same time, neither employment density nor the degree of urbanization affects regions’ sensitivities to spillovers of total factor productivity from other regions — instead, these sensitivities depend only on the sizes of regional capitals and on shares of credit in GRP. This suggests that firms from regions with large capitals and high shares of credit in GRP are more actively expanding into neighboring regions: through their linkages with local firms in host regions, they may create positive correlations between total factor productivities in such host regions and their home regions. The analysis is based on methods of spatial econometrics — namely, the spatial lag and spatial error models with constant and variable spatial coefficients. The estimation is performed with maximum likelihood.
The European focus for the development of the North-western Federal District is a natural geopolitical factor for development of the district. The European vector of development of North-western Federal District is broken down into mechanisms for strategic territorial planning and management of the regional economy. Based on data of the Strategy of Social and Economic Development oFthe North-western Federal District until 2020, the analysis of principles of managementfor the Northern Dimension macro-region was conducted, which includes both the are of the Baltic Sea and territory of cross-border cooperation.Simultaneously, the European Union has developed the approach toThe Implementation of development strategy of the Baltic Sea. For the effective development of a single macro-region there cannot be two different strategies. The purpose of this publication is to demonstrate opportunities for coordination of two strategies and plans for their implementation followed by selection in accordance with the strategic development of the macro-region of the Baltic Sea States.
The book is devoted to the study of social policy and social security in their relationship with constitutional values such as the welfare state, social rights of citizens, security of society, the individual and the state. The paper presents the evolution of the social policy of the Russian Federation in the post-Soviet period, the directions and problems of the implementation of the principle of the social state, ensuring the social rights of citizens and social security at the present stage of Russian social reforms. Particular attention is paid to the main international legal documents on the protection of social rights of citizens, their implementation in Russian law. In their book, the authors draw attention to a number of "pain points" of the current state of state social policy and social security.3 The authors present a position according to which any decrease in the level of socio-economic rights of citizens should be justified, reasonably, proportionately, fairly and properly. legally secured. The book is divided into two parts. The first part is devoted to the constitutional and legal aspects of social policy, the second part - to the constitutional and legal aspects of social security.