Исследование торговых практик интернет-магазинов одежды в России
The underinvestment in the specific assets due to the «hold up» is one of the key issues in the theory of the firm. Till the very end of the twentieth century discussing the «hold up» problem researchers considered only the so-called «selfish» relation-specific investments. But later their attention was switched to the analysis of another specific investments type, named «cooperative» or «cross» investments, which is much more risky than the selfish investments. Besides that, the riskiness of such investments depends on their specifity degree – the specific investments can be partly specific or full specific. In its turn, the degree of specifity determined by the partners’ ability to benefit from selfish or cooperative specific investments in contacts with “alternative” contractors. If such gains equal zero, that specific investments (cooperative or selfish) are full specific to the “main” partner. Respectively, if the gains from partnership with “alternative” contractors are more than zero, that such specific investments are partly specific to the “main” partner.
Unfortunately the present regulatory documents, determining the application the rule of reason, don’t take into account the character of specific investments. The negative consequences of such approach are illustrated in the first part of the article, where the court’s decision in case of Pierre Fabre Dermo-Cosmétique SAS (PFDC) v. Président de l’Autorité de la concurrence, Ministre de l’Économie, de l’Industrie et de l’Emploi is analyzed. The second part of the article is dedicated to the discussion of possible solutions of this problem.
Do you download music or shop online? Who regulates large companies such as Google and Facebook? How safe is your personal data on the internet? Information technology affects all aspects of modern life. From the information shared on websites such as Facebook, Twitter, and Instagram to online shopping and mobile devices, it is rare that a person is not touched by some form of IT every day.
Information Technology Law examines the legal dimensions of these everyday interactions with technology and the impact on privacy and data protection, as well as their relationship to other areas of substantive law, including intellectual property and criminal proceedings. Since the pioneering publication of the first edition over twenty years ago, this forward-thinking text has established itself as the most readable and comprehensive textbook on the subject, covering the key topics in this dynamic and fast-moving field in a clear and engaging style. Focussing primarily on developments within the UK and EU, this book provides a broad-ranging introduction and analysis of the increasingly complex relationship between the law and IT.
The article deals with the issues of reverse logistics in internet retail. The authors provide a literature review of articles on the practice of managing return flows in internet retail and analyze the features of reverse logistics in this area.
In the article, the authors consider the existing approaches in reverse logistics in internet retail, analyze the barriers to their implementation and ways of return flows handling. The three levels of decision-making in the return management in internet retail logistics and specific tasks for each of them are defined. The result of the work was an algorithm reflecting the sequence of formation of the system of control of return flows.
This procedure makes it possible to take into account the characteristics of managing return flows in internet retail (a large number of reasons for returns, handling complexity, etc.) and base to manage return flows and implement the control function in accordance with them.
Nowadays in Russia as throuthout the world, there has been a significant increase in the number of online stores. It determines the growth of competition in this sphere while customer experience is becoming a new differentiation tool for the online retailers. This paper examines insights of the clients of the largest Russian online retailers. The results of this exploratory study demonstrate the opportunities of e-retailers to manage customer experience
Differences between the conventional physical markets and e-commerce call into question the validity of established models which are used for e-commerce. Investigating marketing in the emerging markets using the example of Russia can broaden the view of marketing. The internet audience in Russia is 66.5 million people and the Russian market has the largest online audience in Europe.However there is little research on e-commerce market development in Russia. The main objective of this paper is to analyze the barriers and drivers for e-commerce market development in Russia. This paper gives an overview of the current Russian internet market development and trends. To identify the obstacles to and opportunities for the Russian e-commerce market, 30 in-depth interviews with representatives of Russian internet businesses were conducted.
Differences between the conventional physical markets and e-commerce question the validity of the established models used for e-commerce, especially in the case of emerging markets. The Internet audience in Russia is 66.5 million people and the Russian market has the biggest online audience in Europe. However the e-commerce development in the Russian markets is now well examined in the existing literature, there is little empirical research concerning relationship with customers on this market. The main goal of this paper is to explore the customer relationship in the e-commerce market in Russia. To reach this goal empirical data were used. 30 in-depth interviews with representatives of Russian internet businesses conducted in 2012 and in 2015.