«Рассыпанное» и «собранное» в трактате Шараф ад-Дина Рами «Собеседник влюбленных»
The article includes a first full translation into Russian of the second chapter from the “Memorial of God's Friends” (Taẕkirat al-awliyā), hagiographic compendium composed by Farid ad-Din ʻAttar in the 12th century. The chapter gives the life story of Uways Qarani (d. 657), Yamani ascetic and man of faith from the generation of Muhammad’s followers. The legends on Uways and his sayings collected and arranged by ʻAttar serve as a useful tool to understand the intricate Uways-related imagery which permeates Persian love and mystic poetry. The text of translation is preceded by a short survey of that kind of imagery and provided with a commentary related to philological and cultural details.
At the heart of this work, there is a consideration of one of the chapters of the remarkable monument of the Arabic-Christian writing of the 11th century—"The Book of Sessions" (Kitāb al-Maǧālis) by Iliyya of Nisibis—a literary reworked record of his conversations with a Muslim interlocutor, vizier Abū-l-Qāsim al-Maġribī. In the analysis of the first maǧlis, the relevant part of the chapter on Christianity is also drawn from the treatise of the famous Andalusian polemicist Abū Muḥammad 'Alī ibn Aḥmad ibn Ḥazm. A special attention is focused on the interpretation of the "classical" concept of ǧawhar in his theological usage.
The acme of the Arabic science and philosophy that is usually associated with the Abbasid times and Bet al-hikmah in Bagdad actually began long before, in the 6th c. with the great achievement of the Syriac science. The protagonist of that philosophical and medical movement was the chief medic of the city of Resh-‘ayna in Syria Sergius. Not only he translated a great deal of Greek medical and philosophical literature, but also he was adapting a sublime Neoplatonic theology to the Syriac language and culture. Theological profile of Sergius is of particular importance as he analyzed asceticism in his treatise ‘On spiritual Life’ under medical angle. In the article Sergius’medical approach is compared with his ascetical teaching. In making ascetical teaching closer to the medical care and medical science.