Ю. Д. Апресян как теоретик грамматики конструкций
This article considers the Russian marginal copula construction stat’ +byt’ (become to be) + nonverbal predicate and its normative variant without the copula byt’. These constructions were used in the 18th century language where they both were thought as normative, and they are still used today in web communications although possibly without a diachronic succession. We try to figure out the underlying factors that contribute to the choice of the construction and claim that they are different for the language of today and the 18th century. That leads us to the conclusion that the semantic contribution of the copula verb in the 21st century language of the internet communication is not the same as it was in the 18th century.
The paper presents a corpus-driven study of the Russian PP-based degree modifier do uzhasa (lit. ‘to horror’), suggesting a two-stage grammaticalization path. The first stage (presumably, XVIII–XIX c.) involves subjectification, while during the second stage, subjective readings give rise to intensifier readings through conceptual metonymy. Both stages see a host class expansion. This process is motivated by a complex interplay of factors, with analogy playing a major role. Finally, the evolution of do uzhasa is contrasted to that of the English PP-based intensifier to death. While there are obvious similarities, a closer look identifies a number of important differences that are relevant for the development of construction-based typology of language change.