Технологии в движении: технологический трансфер в советскую лесную отрасль из Финляндии в 1950-1960-е гг.
The paper examines key channels of technology transfer for modern Russian industrial enterprises. The concept of technology transfer is analyzed and its key peculiarities are revealed, that may influence if modernization and innovation-based development are the focus of investigation. The focus of attention is at mergers and acquisitions as one of the most appropriate channels from the complexity of processes vision. The possible range of strategies for technology-motivated mergers and acquisitions are identified and four main smodels of technology-based mergers and acquisitions are defined. On the base of the industrial enterprises' managers survey appriaches to valuation of technology-related component in mergers and acquisitions are developed
The paper deals with transfer of Western technologies into the Soviet forestry concentrating on the area of Karelian Peninsula and Ladoga Karelia in 1953 - 1964. The area was a center in the Nikita Khrushchev`s modernization as there were several large factories which produced pulp and paper. Specialists from the factories were sent to Finland within the Soviet-Finnish cooperation to study Western technologies. In this I examine their activities as well as technologies they brought to the Soviet-Union.
The paper deals with the problem of Soviet-Finnish scientific-technical cooperation in the mid-1950s - mid-1960s as well as the role of specialists who worked in the "new Soviet area" of the Karelian Peninsula and Ladoga Karelia which became a part of the USSR after the Soviet-Finnish war in 1941-1944. The article examies the mechanisms of cooperation between the states as well as it effects on enterprises of the former Finnish territory.
The paper presents research question and some results devoted to analyses of companies’ strategic processes in international business networks.
The book analyses labour law issues in Russia and Finland, which have particula interest for Russian-Finnish relationships
The book “From the “land of incarcerations” towards the society with a minimal use of pain: Finnish experience of reducing the prison population” includes articles and essays written by Tapio Lappi-Seppälä, Inkeri Anttila and Patrik Törnudd and translated into Russian. Authors reflect on factors, realization, consequences and significance of penal reforms in Finland. The book contains also the pictures made in a number of Finnish prisons.
At the moment Finland is on one of the last places in Europe in terms of prison population rate (55 prisoners per 100 000 inhabitants by 1.1.2016) though at the beginning of 1950s the number of prisoners was about three times higher and Finland was famous as a “land of imprisonment”. This change was the result of the consistent penal reforms since 1960s: decriminalization of a number of actions, day-fine reform, reducing minimum time for parole, expanding the use of fines and conditional sentence instead of prison, reducing the length of pre-trial detention, introduction and expansion of community service etc.
Globalization and growing competition force companies to look for new markets for their business. International operations give companies an opportunity to use their resources more efficiently and simultaneously the internationalization processes increase a firm‘s risks and strategic problems. The choice of an international strategy defines a company‘s priorities on partnership development, which are necessary for a quicker understanding of new markets‘ features, and also for decreasing strategic and commercial business risks. The strategic process is influenced by a number of factors, such as institutional and sociopolitical, and also business-sector specifics and national culture. Strategy development and implementation together with stable network relations define company‘s success in a new market. The paper presents the main results of an empirical research, devoted to analyses of international companies‘strategies and factors, affecting strategic choice and implementation process in the Russian market.
This article deals with the basic issues which are related to technology transfer. It is proposed basic characteristics of the innovation infrastructure and the possible measures to modernize the process of the technology transfer in Russia.