Другая наука: Русские формалисты в поисках биографии
This monograph examines mutual transformations between literature and science in certain texts authored by St. Petersburg Formalists, a literary school that emerged shortly before the Russian Revolution. The author discusses the Formalists' methodological and philosophical origins, the emergence of their collective biography and professional circle of friends, Viktor Shklovsky's literary experiments, and Boris Eichenbaum's intimate prose. The concept of literariness – rather vague and since then abandoned – takes centre stage in the paper as it did in the early work of the Russian Formalists.
The author discusses an idea of composing a list of «100 books of Higher School of Economics» as a university canon for a reader and analyzes a long-term publishing project of the Russian Christian Humanitarian Institute called «The Russian way».
This book is based on materials from the conference 'The USSR: Life after Death', and the round table 'The Second Crash, from the Collapse of the Soviet Union to the Crisis of Neo-liberalism', held in December 2011 and January 2012, respectively. The two events brought together different generations of experts and researchers. For some, Soviet life was part of their personal experience, while for others it was just part of their country’s history. To what extent and in what form have Soviet socio-cultural practices and everyday life patterns survived in the capitalist post-Soviet society? Is the 'Soviet legacy' an obstacle to the development of a new bourgeois society in Russia or, conversely, does it serve to stabilize the new system? Does a 'Soviet mentality' create resistance or help adapt to the neoliberal reality? The answers to these questions, which seemed quite obvious to the mass consciousness back in the 1990s, need to be reconsidered today.
This article examines the role of archivists in shaping the capacity and the structure of a university’s memory. Drawing on sources such as laws and ministerial instructions, the authors analyze the government’s archive policy with regard to universities and how professors and archivists were taking part in its implementation. Their participation included sorting documents and attributing them to individual ‘cases’, destroying some of the ‘unnecessary’ documents and preserving others that were designated for destruction. Based on information from service records and university reports, the article tracks changes in the corporate status of university archivists in nineteenth-century Russia.
The paper is focused on the study of reaction of italian literature critics on the publication of the Boris Pasternak's novel "Doctor Jivago". The analysys of the book ""Doctor Jivago", Pasternak, 1958, Italy" (published in Russian language in "Reka vremen", 2012, in Moscow) is given. The papers of italian writers, critics and historians of literature, who reacted immediately upon the publication of the novel (A. Moravia, I. Calvino, F.Fortini, C. Cassola, C. Salinari ecc.) are studied and analised.
In the article the patterns of the realization of emotional utterances in dialogic and monologic speech are described. The author pays special attention to the characteristic features of the speech of a speaker feeling psychic tension and to the compositional-pragmatic peculiarities of dialogic and monologic text.