Геокультурный брендинг городов и территорий: от теории к практике. Книга для тех, кто хочет проектировать и творить другие пространства
The article is devoted to modelling the basic geographical image of the tundra in the light of the geo-space resources of Yamal and Chukotka. The key archetypes, primary signs and symbols, and symbolic spots related to the basic geo-image of the tundra are identified. The image geographical model for the basic geo-image of the tundra is constructed.
The article examines the ontological and methodological features of formation and development of the Arctic geo-cultures. The possibilities of applying the concept of co-spatiality in the study of the Arctic landscape are analyzed. The specifics of the ontological models of imagination in the Arctic is discusses. The potential of geo-cultural branding base of the Arctic territories is researches. The Arctic can be seen as meta-geographical training ground for studying prognostic models of the earth co-spatialities.
The authors introduce the special theme of the issue presenting the articles that explore the opportunities and possibilities for the interdisciplinary collaboration among ethnography, anthropology, cultural geography, and human geography in the area of studying the geo-cultural space of the Arctic. The presentation is focused on the range of interdisciplinary projects and approaches undertaken by the Lab for Geo-Cultural Study of the Arctic in Yakutsk.
This article describes a specific type of urban field research: the commercial-facility location problems as one of the practical problem of geomarketing. The education method presented in the article have been worked out and repeatedly applied during student field practices at the Geographical Faculty of Lomonosov Moscow State University; its elements — are part of the Vysokovsky Graduate School of Urbanism educational program. By solving simple practical problem (searching for the best location for some facility), students not only gain the skills of field work, but also learn to conduct complete researches on their own. Teaching students a comprehensive analysis of diverse and holistic urban space is the main goal of this method.
The authors examine the processes of internal and international labor migration in Russia. Available sources of statistical information and a survey of studies allow us to define them as quantitatively comparable, but having pronounced regional differences. Despite the gravitation of both internal and international migrants to the largest cities, Russian temporary labor migrants more often go to work in the regions of the North and the East of the country. Russians and foreign migrants complement each other in the regional labor markets rather than compete. The results of the recent research conducted by Institute for Social Analysis and Prediction Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, used in the article, allow us to state that the social and economic effects of international and internal labor migration are similar. At the same time the significance of migration for the economy of households and local budgets in Russia is underestimated.
Within a brief historical period, BRICS as an inter-State association has become an influential player in the world economy and politics. BRICS is a primarily political entity, and in that regard, the BRICS grouping correlates with the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO). However, not all the expectations placed on the SCO by the founding countries at the time of its creation in 2001 have been met so far. The question is to what extent expectations may be fulfilled in case of BRICS.
The article identifies the effect of personalization of politics: its definition is given, the determinants and possible consequences are considered. That effect is illustrated by some features in the Asian and European style of modern political leadership.