The proceedings of the conference "Rationality in Action: Intentions, Interpretations and Interactions". The project has been carried out as part of the HSE Program of Fundamental Studies.
The "Phenomena" by Aratus of Soli (c. 315-240 BC) is the most important example of the "scholarly" poetry of the Hellenistic period. In the European literature, Aratus was the first to be poetically purposeful and, not being a scientist, systematized astronomical and meteorological observations of his time. The didactic features of the poem, which non-trivially reflected the scientific, poetic and philosophical subtexts of the traditions and passions of Aratus had a significant impact on the literary and philosophical thought of antiquity and modern times. The translation of the poem into Russian was done in compliance with the metric features of the original, provided with exegetical commentary and introductory article.
The book undertakes a comprehensive quantitative study of the Bashkir verse system in the 20th century. All levels of poetic text organization from phonics to vocabulary and grammar with special attention to the meter and rhythm are analyzed using modern statistical tools. Quantitative data were obtained on the corous of texts of 103 Bashkir poets with the total volume of 1.77 million words in use. Actually, the analysis is preceded by a detailed review of the science of Turkic poetry starting from the 1950s. It is asserted that the main role in the Bashkir poem of the 20th century is played by the sillabic forms with folklore origin of uzun-kyu and kyska-kyu, the first of which is specific for the Volga-Kipchak poetic tradition. One of the chapters gives a detailed comparison of the Bashkir verse with the Kyrgyz verse. The book concludes with examples of poetic texts in the Bashkir language, generated using artificial neural networks.
In the monograph, on the basis of a wide range of sources, primarily, transport statistics, a number of important problems of the socio-economic history of the Russian Empire of the late XIX - early XX centuries are considered. - the functioning of the Russian bread market, state food assistance to the population affected by crop failure, the dynamics of the development of the refined market, the role of Central Asia as a component of the all-Russian market, etc. In particular, the work concludes that the theory of “hungry export” of bread from Russia and the thesis about the fatal impact of climate on Russian agriculture are untenable. An analysis of the dynamics of the Stolypin land management, transportation and consumption of improved agricultural machinery in the Russian Empire in 1900-1913, as well as the development of agronomic assistance, proves the successful course of the Stolypin agrarian reform. In the Afterword, the author substantiates a new view, according to which in 1861-1905. the government actually tried to implement an anti-capitalist utopia, which put the country on the brink of disaster. After that, the country's development algorithm has changed - the construction of the rule of law has begun in Russia.