«Молочный пояс»: проблемы формирования и эффективность развития в Нечерноземной зоне Российской Федерации
The monograph is devoted to the development problems of the dairy industry in Russia.
It reveals the features of innovative and investment development of dairy cattle farming in the Non-black soil regions of Russia. It is analyzed the influence of the state agricultural regulation and support system on the concentration and intensification processes, realization of comparative advantages of milk production in the Non-black soil region in the conditions of global competition in the food and resource market. The factors of increasing the efficiency of technological modernization of dairy cattle farming are investigated.
The study is intended to managers and specialists of agricultural government bodies, researchers, professors, Ph.D. students and everyone who is interested in problems of innovative development of agricultural sectors.
The collective monograph "Strategizing the economic and investment development of Kuzbass" examines the strategic initiatives of the transformation of Kuzbass for the period up to 2035, related to the transformation of traditional and the formation of new industries, the development of financial markets and foreign economic relations, aimed at improving the quality of life of people in Kuzbass.
This chapter considers the reasons and consequences of the changes taking place from the beginning of the economic reforms in 1990 until 2013 in Russia's dairy farming and poultry farming sectors. It examines production concentration and intensification processes, investments and the changing demographics of the dairy and poultry industries in Russia in general and in the Leningrad region in particular.
The training manual reveals the urgent issues of development of the Russian economy in the conditions of formation and development of its innovative component. Through the presented materials studied mechanisms of improving the economic and institutional relations in the transition to an innovative economy are studied. Also we can find detailed description of directions of state support and structures implementing by it. It seems interesting the regional dimension, including a detailed description of the innovation potential of the Samara region. The manual contains a list of the latest regulatory and legal acts regulating the innovation sphere. Study materials will help to deepen the knowledge of the modern infrastructure of innovative enterprises support.
It is intended for the development of "Microeconomics" disciplines, "Macroeconomics", "Economic theory" undergraduate students directions 080100 "Economics" discipline "Institutional Economics", "Innovation Management" direction 080200 "Management" discipline "Economic theory" direction 100700 "Commerce" "Commercial business", direction 040100 "Sociology".
The manual will help in the study course "Problems of modern economics" graduate students directions 080100 "Economics" as well as everyone who involved in the economic by self-education and in-depth interest in economic theory.
The Russian government has programs to assist Russian companies with financial and organizational support. Award of procurement contracts may also serve as assistance to companies. This paper uses data from a survey of Russian companies to draw inferences about the motivation behind the choice of recipients. Possible motivations are an intent to foster economic development, successful rent-seeking by recipients or simply corruption. The evidence is mixed. There is support for both the economic development motive and rent-seeking in the analysis of financial and organizational support. A role for corruption is most evident in the procurement contract results.
The regular workshop “Economic Policy during the Transitional Period”, organized by professor Gregory Yasin (academic supervisor of the Higher School of Economics), was held on January 30, 2014. At this workshop professor Vadim Radaev (first vice-rector of HSE) delivered a report on “Is It Possible to Save Russian Apparel and Textile Industry?”, initiating a discussion of the current problems faced by the industry and development perspectives. Prominent experts in this sphere took part in debates on the future of Russian apparel and textile industry: Vugar Isaev (president and founder of the chain stores “Snezhnaya Koroleva”), Andrei Razbrodin (president of The Russian Union of Entrepreneurs of Textile and Light Industry, board member of The Russian Union of Industrialists and Entrepreneurs), Andrei Yakovlev (director of the Institute for Industrial and Market Studies). The central issue discussed at the workshop dealt with the reasons of the Russian textile and apparel industry survival after Soviet Union collapse despite sharp productivity decline. Nevertheless textile and apparel industry still vulnerable, facing the risks posed by global competition. Vadim Radaev suggests modernization strategies for textile and apparel, facilitating its growth. Do we have chances to enter in global supply chains? What role should government and companies play in this process? This article provides an overview of answers to those questions.
This paper based on extensive survey analyzes relationships between Russian companies and the state in 2006–2010. As well as company characteristics, regional differences are also taken into account. Special focus is made on changes in relations due to world crisis and differences in relations with the state between industrial companies and enterprises from service sector. Regression analysis shows that in 2009–2010 relationship was built on “model of exchange” principle and the system was quite inert: even changes in GRP and investments’ level induced by crisis do not influence the probability of receiving government support. However, it was established that when allocating support the authorities take unemployment changes into consideration, which means that social factors matter.
This article is devoted to the issue of government export promotion activities (export support) available to the Russian companies and focused on removing (or mitigating) various economic barriers, which can prevent the enterprises from participation in the international trade. The article puts forward several objectives, which should be set by the government in order to achieve the most effective results in helping the firm develop its abilities and increase exports at any stage of internationalization. Besides the article contains a list of economic restrictive measures imposed by foreign governments against Russian products and provides certain recommendations concerning possible ways to improve the existing system of government export support.
The paper examines the structure, governance, and balance sheets of state-controlled banks in Russia, which accounted for over 55 percent of the total assets in the country's banking system in early 2012. The author offers a credible estimate of the size of the country's state banking sector by including banks that are indirectly owned by public organizations. Contrary to some predictions based on the theoretical literature on economic transition, he explains the relatively high profitability and efficiency of Russian state-controlled banks by pointing to their competitive position in such functions as acquisition and disposal of assets on behalf of the government. Also suggested in the paper is a different way of looking at market concentration in Russia (by consolidating the market shares of core state-controlled banks), which produces a picture of a more concentrated market than officially reported. Lastly, one of the author's interesting conclusions is that China provides a better benchmark than the formerly centrally planned economies of Central and Eastern Europe by which to assess the viability of state ownership of banks in Russia and to evaluate the country's banking sector.
The paper examines the principles for the supervision of financial conglomerates proposed by BCBS in the consultative document published in December 2011. Moreover, the article proposes a number of suggestions worked out by the authors within the HSE research team.