Способы мысли, пути говорения
In this paper we analyse the influence of various interpretations of direct and indirect doxographic testimonies concerning Early Pythagoreanism on our understanding of the most fundamental aspects of this movement. This is done through the example of texts giving hints of possible existence of advanced «pebble arithmetics» and number ontology among Early Pythagoreans. The author shows how different understandings of these testimonies can lead to opposite interpretations of the Pythagorean movement as a whole.
In response to his existential analysis, Heidegger makes a great leap forward in the problem of temporality as the sense of Dasein's being (despite the fact that this issue remains open). Above all, it is true for his explanation of such existential notions as "understanding" and "openness" of being, as well as the definition for the dimension, which, in Heidegger's opinion, must be used to describe the experience of being itself. According to this definition, such dimension should involve the human being as a whole, and be realized in it.
Russian symbolism in literature took shape of a single intellectual movement in spite of this it didn’t compose an integral whole. The inner contradiction within it led hereinafter to a split and subdivision. The article analyzes Belij’s philosophical conception of symbolism which hasn’t its systematic exposition. The author tries to reveal the essential aspects of Belij’s theory of symbolism and to reconstruct it on the whole.
This article reviews the archaeography of translations of Felix Platter’s «Tagebuch» into German and French languages, while the original had written on the Basel dialect. 19th century translators passed many details and translated only those paragraphs that they considered interesting. In 1878, the first complete translation of the Felix Platter’s «Tagebuch» had published. Based on this translation, in 1961, the English translator Sean Jennet had published the diary in English. In this article, we consider the relevance of an English translation; also in the appendix for the first time in Russian language, we are publishing one chapter of a diary of Felix Platter.
The present article is devoted to an analysis of the grounds for the laic authority‘s supremacy over the clerical one. Those grounds were elaborated in France on the verge of 13–14 cc. in terms of a quarrel between French king and papacy. The research is based on pro-royal publicist tracts of the time, which rhetoric reflects both traditional medieval methods of legitimation and changements, occurring in political thinking at the time.
This paper is dedicated to the analysis of key principles and political aspirations of Italian Fascism in the interpretation of the lawyer, Mussolini’s Minister of Justice Alfredo Rocco. In the text “The Political Doctrine of Fascism” (1925) Rocco aims to comprehend the most significant doctrinal foundations of the Fascist regime and tries to construct its political philosophy.
The undertaken research has shown that, according to A. Rocco, fascism is “first of all, action”, directed against the entire political thought inspired by the Enlightenment. Rocco historically reconstructs a tradition of thought alternative to the Enlightenment, which gave birth to Fascism: from Ancient Roman political tradition to the medieval scholasticism, from N. Machiavelli to the Italian idealists of the Risorgimento. In “The Doctrine of Fascism” (1932) written by B. Mussolini we may trace the influence of Alfredo Rocco’s ideological work.