История науки и техники в Москве (Учебно-методические материалы)
The paper identifies two approaches in the formation of subject fields of historiography’s source studies, which differ according to their religion and paradigmatic grounds and, respectively, on the methodological and ethical consequences. First – inside the disciplinary framework of historiography, in which historiography’s source studies is formed quite traditional way, by analogy with the so-called source studies (actually thematic review of sources) other specialisations and research areas – source studies of military history, source studies agrarian history etc.
The starting point of the second approach serves as a source studies. This approach, developed by Scientific and pedagogical school of source studies website Istochnikovedenie.ru, realizing the idea of exacting scientific nature of historical knowledge and considering the historical source (including historiographic sources) as its empirical basis, aspires to rationality of the neoclassical type. Understanding the historical source as a result of a creative activity of a person / product of the culture leads to the following definition of the analyzed concept: historiographic sources is a group of types of historical sources, realizing the functions of presentation and positioning of historical knowledge, both scientific and socially oriented. In this case, the historiography’s source studies as a branch of source studies, has as its object of a specific group of historical sources – historiographic sources while maintaining universal source studies themes of the approach for studying them.
Examines the concept of historiographic source and shows the coherence of approaches to the definition of this concept approaches to the definition of a historical source, links these approaches with classical, non-classical and neoclassical models of science. Shown the value of the species classification of historiographic sources, which allows to evaluate them not only in terms of goal-setting of the author, but in the context of a specific historiographical culture. A special analysis s given for the notion of «monography» as a kind of historiographic sources, coherent classical model of science.
The article focuses on the limits of using oral history methods in the research of academic communities. The authors analyze the language and ways of self-description used by modern Russian academic community. The study is based on the interviews of Post-Soviet university professors, which helps to clarify what is the concept of tradition for them, what is the origin of their individual memories, and how these memories correspond to the collective perceptions of the ideal university.
Revealed fundamental differences disciplinary formation and development of historiography and source study as basic disciplines of science history. It is shown that historiography is linked with the change of types of rationality / models of science. The main attention is paid to the source study, which is regarded as a sphere of science, which prerequisites of disciplinarily were laid in the Russian version of neo-Kantianism, and factors disciplinary formation of which became the ideological and monomethodological nature of soviet historical science.
The monograph is devoted to the oral history of the events of World War II. Eyewitness survivors of the dramatic events - from the Finnish Occupation of Soviet Karelia to the experienc of Ukrainian and Russian Ostarbaiters who worked in German labor camps, children in concentration camps, - represent the other side of the war, voiced not only by those who fought at the front, but also lived and worked at this difficult time.
In 2006, Russia amended its competition law and added the concepts of ‘collective dominance’ and its abuse. This was seen as an attempt to address the common problem of ‘conscious parallelism’ among firms in concentrated industries. Critics feared that the enforcement of this provision would become tantamount to government regulation of prices. In this paper we examine the enforcement experience to date, looking especially closely at sanctions imposed on firms in the oil industry. Some difficulties and complications experienced in enforcement are analysed, and some alternative strategies for addressing anticompetitive behaviour in concentrated industries discussed.