Чикагская школа социологии о преступности
Problems of strengthening of law and order and criminality counteraction are regarded from an unordinary point of view. It includes the following parts: 1. State power, law and order and criminality counteraction as an indivisible complex of problems. 2. Measures of esthetic character. 3. Measures of rational character. 4. Measures of orientation character.
Professor Hans-Hajnrih Eshek has protected the thesis for a doctor's degree in 1949 in Tjubingen on a theme: «Responsibility of state structures on the international criminal law - researches in connection with the Nuremberg process»; has created the concept of a uniform roof of Institute of foreign and international criminal law of Max Planck. His organizing work has come to the end in 2007 with creation of "the International research school of comparative criminal law» and criminological school for doctoral candidates «infl uence Measures, mediation and punishment». Approximately 600 works devoted to the General part of criminal law, to punishments, measures of correction and safety, the Especial part, and also criminally-procedural right is published by him.
The Encyclopedia of Law and Society is the largest comprehensive and international treatment of the law and society field. With an Advisory Board of 62 members from 20 countries and six continents, the three volumes of this state-of-the-art resource represent interdisciplinary perspectives on law from sociology, criminology, cultural anthropology, political science, social psychology, and economics. By globalizing the Encyclopedia's coverage, American and international law and society will be better understood within its historical and comparative context.
Several approaches to the concept of fatherhood present in Western sociological tradition are analyzed and compared: biological determinism, social constructivism and biosocial theory. The problematics of fatherhood and men’s parental practices is marginalized in modern Russian social research devoted to family and this fact makes the traditional inequality in family relations, when the father’s role is considered secondary compared to that of mother, even stronger. However, in Western critical men’s studies several stages can be outlined: the development of “sex roles” paradigm (biological determinism), the emergence of the hegemonic masculinity concept, inter-disciplinary stage (biosocial theory). According to the approach of biological determinism, the role of a father is that of the patriarch, he continues the family line and serves as a model for his ascendants. Social constructivism looks into man’s functions in the family from the point of view of masculine pressure and establishing hegemony over a woman and children. Biosocial theory aims to unite the biological determinacy of fatherhood with social, cultural and personal context. It is shown that these approaches are directly connected with the level of the society development, marriage and family perceptions, the level of egality of gender order.
This article is talking about state management and cultural policy, their nature and content in term of the new tendency - development of postindustrial society. It mentioned here, that at the moment cultural policy is the base of regional political activity and that regions can get strong competitive advantage if they are able to implement cultural policy successfully. All these trends can produce elements of new economic development.