Soft Reduction of a Cast Ingot on the Incomplete Crystallization Stage
Numerical and physical simulation on model samples can provide data for various aspects of metal forming, without resorting to time-consuming and costly full-scale tests. This paper presents examples of modeling of the deformation of a slab with a liquid core. The use of soft reduction can enhance the homogeneity of the structure, which improves the quality of cast billets. Mathematical modeling is described here where the fluid layer is taken into account by the influence of boundary conditions in the crust in the form of ferrostatic pressure, which allows calculation of the intensity of deformation, total deformation and strain. It also provides a novel method for studying the process of soft reduction. It is based on a physical model of the slab consisting of a closed solid shell made of a calibrated lead shot and the Wood's alloy. To simulate the liquid molten metal, the interior of the shell is filled with gelatin. This approach can be applied to further studies on deformation processes and the penetration of deformation into complex metallic systems.
This work is devoted to the investigation of the thickness-height dependence of the freely molded dome. The series of simulations were produced by finite element method. The generalization of the simulation results allowed us to obtain an analytical thickness-height relation of the dome
The influence of different forms of housing cryobot speed and efficiency of movement them into the ice structures. The problems of cryobot to study the ice surface in Europe
This aim of this paper is the interpretation of the results of mechanical testing of materials to determine their properties under hot deformation. As an example, a simulation of rod stretching in superplasticity mode was considered. Comparing obtained data with the analytical solution was conducted.
We discuss the materials associated with the formation of chaotic bands on the ice surface on Europe, a satellite of Jupiter. There are suggestions as to their origin.
Analytically and numerically calculations according to the original effective algorithms for largescale acoustic-gravity wave perturbations in the chromosphere from sources at the level of the photosphere are analyzed. Limitations to the energy flux of acoustic-gravity waves from the photosphere through the chromosphere are formulated. Structure of a narrow region with elevated pressure at the resonance altitude where the horizontal phase wave velocity is equal to the sound velocity is examined.
This volume presents new results in the study and optimization of information transmission models in telecommunication networks using different approaches, mainly based on theiries of queueing systems and queueing networks .
The paper provides a number of proposed draft operational guidelines for technology measurement and includes a number of tentative technology definitions to be used for statistical purposes, principles for identification and classification of potentially growing technology areas, suggestions on the survey strategies and indicators. These are the key components of an internationally harmonized framework for collecting and interpreting technology data that would need to be further developed through a broader consultation process. A summary of definitions of technology already available in OECD manuals and the stocktaking results are provided in the Annex section.