Soft Reduction of a Cast Ingot on the Incomplete Crystallization Stage
Numerical and physical simulation on model samples can provide data for various aspects of metal forming, without resorting to time-consuming and costly full-scale tests. This paper presents examples of modeling of the deformation of a slab with a liquid core. The use of soft reduction can enhance the homogeneity of the structure, which improves the quality of cast billets. Mathematical modeling is described here where the fluid layer is taken into account by the influence of boundary conditions in the crust in the form of ferrostatic pressure, which allows calculation of the intensity of deformation, total deformation and strain. It also provides a novel method for studying the process of soft reduction. It is based on a physical model of the slab consisting of a closed solid shell made of a calibrated lead shot and the Wood's alloy. To simulate the liquid molten metal, the interior of the shell is filled with gelatin. This approach can be applied to further studies on deformation processes and the penetration of deformation into complex metallic systems.