Rethinking entrepreneurship education in emerging markets – replacing vision by real strength
This paper stresses the importance of fostering venture creation and innovation in low-tech sectors in emerging markets. Instead of following the leading nations in their approach to S&T policy, emerging markets can win more by acknowledging their competitive advantages in low-tech areas. While many policy initiatives focus on financial support for start-ups, this paper suggests to launch an educational initiative and to offer an entrepreneurial program geared towards venture generation for low-tech. The suggested program consists of three parts and reflects the information needs of companies in their early development. Although there is plenty of space for more in depth research about the particularities of start-ups in low-tech, previous research has shown that there is a good reason to treat low-tech industries differently from high-tech. Still, further research is needed to better understand how to foster entrepreneurial activities in these sectors.
The proceedings contain 154 papers. The topics discussed include: the innovation of a hybrid business model for social enterprises; high-technology entrepreneurship for high-growth innovation among entrepreneurs in Bahrain; financial illiteracy and entrepreneurship success: literature review; entrepreneurial competencies and firm performance: evidence from Bahrain; entrepreneurship education and country competitiveness: avenues for future research in the Arab countries; social entrepreneurship as an innovative solution mechanism of social problems in the economy of Kazakhstan; entrepreneurship: does it elevate independence in a developing economy?; innovative approaches in the financial sphere: assessment of digital banks’ performance; innovative solutions in the ports of the Baltic Sea for development of small cruise ship tourism heritage products; and cultural influences on entrepreneurial motivation and identity: insights for entrepreneurship education.
Major problems of human resources in small and medium-scale business (SMB)in Russia have been analyzed. Main aspects of formation of staff training system for small and medium-scale business in Russia have been reviewed. Three-level structure of staff training system for SMB has been offered. Principles of its development and governmental tasks in this sphere have been stated.
This paper discusses the challenges of technological entrepreneurship education in the current education system and the questions that need to be answered to improve the efficacy and efficiency of technological entrepreneurship education. The nature of technological entrepreneurship requires a diversified set of skills for success; however, the traditional education system focuses on single discipline. Consequently, it is difficult for either engineers and scientists who are lacking managerial skills or management students who are lacking of engineer or science oriented knowledge to be successful. A further concern is that different communities have entirely different perceptions of how entrepreneurship is defined often causing both confusion and disagreement in communications between researchers and educators with each other. The paper considers the existing literature and develops a series of comprehensive questions that still need to be addressed. By answering these questions, the traditional education methods can be transformed to be more appropriate and useful for technological entrepreneurship education.
The paper examines the structure, governance, and balance sheets of state-controlled banks in Russia, which accounted for over 55 percent of the total assets in the country's banking system in early 2012. The author offers a credible estimate of the size of the country's state banking sector by including banks that are indirectly owned by public organizations. Contrary to some predictions based on the theoretical literature on economic transition, he explains the relatively high profitability and efficiency of Russian state-controlled banks by pointing to their competitive position in such functions as acquisition and disposal of assets on behalf of the government. Also suggested in the paper is a different way of looking at market concentration in Russia (by consolidating the market shares of core state-controlled banks), which produces a picture of a more concentrated market than officially reported. Lastly, one of the author's interesting conclusions is that China provides a better benchmark than the formerly centrally planned economies of Central and Eastern Europe by which to assess the viability of state ownership of banks in Russia and to evaluate the country's banking sector.
The paper examines the principles for the supervision of financial conglomerates proposed by BCBS in the consultative document published in December 2011. Moreover, the article proposes a number of suggestions worked out by the authors within the HSE research team.
портовый менеджмент, показатели деятельности, анализ эффективности, система учета, распределение издержек, методы анализа деятельности портовой системы
At present many industries reveal tendency for setting up of vertically integrated companies (VIC) the structure of which unites all technological processes. This tendency proved its efficiency in oil industry where coordination of all successive stages of technological process, namely, oil prospecting and production -oil transportation - oil processing - oil chemistry - oil products and oil chemicals marketing, is necessary. The article considers specific features of introduction of "personnel management" module at enterprises of oil and gas industry.
vertically integrated companies; personnel management