Mathematical cartographic approaches toward evaluation and forecasting of ethnic composition in the Russian regions
This article is devoted to the study of the population’s ethnic structure in regions of Russia and former RSFSR (Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic) as well as the temporal dynamics of major ethnic groups by means of mathematical and cartographic modelling. Integrated indicators are developed to estimate ethnic diversity in regions of Russia and former RSFSR (ethnic diversity index and its modification – ethnic diversity index adjusted for the ability to speak Russian), and cluster analysis is performed to offer typological classification of Russian regions based on their ethnic composition. Maps are created on the basis of the derived indicators and typological classification. Finally, the estimates of the share of major ethnic groups up to 2030 are provided.
In recent years, the strategic planning of spatial development is becoming increasingly important when making of critical decisions in management and economics. This paper deals with the issues of Russian and international researches in the field of system modeling implementation and how it can be used for support the process of spatial strategic planning in the context of theory of regional economic growth and development. The main goal of this paper is analysis the main domains or areas of system models applying. Scientific methodology of the research is based on system approach and comprehensive consideration of the processes of spatial strategic planning and modeling. Original contribution of the work is classification (typology) of models, used in spatial strategic planning.
In recent years, the strategic spatial planning of regional development is becoming increasingly important when making critical decisions in management and economics. One of the advantages of scientific direction devoted to solving problems related to strategic management of spatial economic systems is its interdisciplinary nature and ability to take advantage of system analysis and synergetic effect in the study of a range of different fields of knowledge. Another distinguishing feature is the synthesis of conceptual categories and methodologies of public sciences, sociology, humanities and technical sciences. Frequently, such decisions involve using adequate system models and appropriate methodological approaches. Hereby, the role and importance of modeling are increasing, particularly in the creation of interdisciplinary databases and forecasting. It is theoretical and empirical study in equal measure. The scientific methodology of the research is system approach and comparative analysis, dynamic principle, and comprehensive consideration of the processes of spatial strategic planning and hybrid modeling. This paper deals with the issues of system modeling implementation and how system models can be used to support the process of spatial strategic planning (SSP) in the context of theory of regional economic growth and development. The main goal of this paper is analysis the main domains of system models application. The paper focuses on a particular group of models and modeling systems – hybrid intelligent models and systems that allow in conditions of uncertainty, incomplete initial data and complex interdependence between elements of investigated spatial regional economics system to evaluate the implications of realization of various scenarios of strategic spatial development. The original contribution of this work is the classification (typology) of models, used in spatial strategic planning of regions. This typology is determined by the models’ complexity and variety of application areas.
This volume is a contribution to the typology of the category of aspect. Its aim is bringing forward new empirical data from languages not yet (widely) covered in typological aspectual investigations and to start or broaden their typological discussion. The articles in the paper are grouped in two sections. The first section is an account of aspectual systems of languages in four linguistic areas, including Europe, the Caucasus, Northeast Eurasia, and Africa and the Americas. The second section focusses on specific aspectual categories in individual languages or cross-linguistically.
The Baikal region in Siberia had long been a zone of interactions between various European, Asian and global actors. Numerous relational spaces which were produced by the interactions were reconstructed in a geographic information system (GIS) and analysed jointly. The fall of the Qing and Russian empires resulted in energetic attempts to redraw administrative and international boundaries. Between 1917 and 1919 several disentanglement projects were developed and implemented by different actors, including indigenous intellectuals and Buddhist monks. These were the Buryat Autonomy proclaimed in 1917; the Buddhist theocracy created by a dissident Buddhist monk Lubsan Samdan Tsydenov; and the pan-Mongolian federation of Inner, Outer, Hulunbuir and Buryat Mongolia supported by Japanese officers and a regional Cossack leader Grigory Semenov. Each project underlined a certain group identity and claimed particular relational spaces. The article explored how the conflicts between overlapping identities were resolved, and why all three projects failed.
The Russian Constructicon project currently prioritizes multi-word constructions that are not represented in dictionaries and that are especially useful for learners of Russian. The immediate goal is to identify constructions and determine the semantic constraints on their slots. The Russian Constructicon is being built in parallel with the Swedish Constructicon and will ultimately model the entire Russian language in terms of constructions at all levels from morpheme to discourse. The contents of the Russian Constructicon will serve learners of the language, linguists researching both language-internal and typological phenomena, and will also serve language technology applications such as spell checkers and automated readability assessment tools.
The work reveals the characteristic features of the contemporary American press, its structure, typology, the system of regulation and self-regulation of the press, the changes took place due to the development of Internet. The article also shows the today situation in the newspapers market of the USA, changes in the activity of the leading American newspapers.
The article examines cultural preconditions for search and classification of the types within theoretical psychology of personality. Special features of the European culture of thinking, cultural conditions of the historic emergence of the personality types, usage of the cultural experience for development of the authors' personality typologies as well as cultural determination and orientation of the personal traits are among them. The model of cultural and psychological typification of the personality relations based on the above preconditions is offered.
Several approaches to the concept of fatherhood present in Western sociological tradition are analyzed and compared: biological determinism, social constructivism and biosocial theory. The problematics of fatherhood and men’s parental practices is marginalized in modern Russian social research devoted to family and this fact makes the traditional inequality in family relations, when the father’s role is considered secondary compared to that of mother, even stronger. However, in Western critical men’s studies several stages can be outlined: the development of “sex roles” paradigm (biological determinism), the emergence of the hegemonic masculinity concept, inter-disciplinary stage (biosocial theory). According to the approach of biological determinism, the role of a father is that of the patriarch, he continues the family line and serves as a model for his ascendants. Social constructivism looks into man’s functions in the family from the point of view of masculine pressure and establishing hegemony over a woman and children. Biosocial theory aims to unite the biological determinacy of fatherhood with social, cultural and personal context. It is shown that these approaches are directly connected with the level of the society development, marriage and family perceptions, the level of egality of gender order.
This article is talking about state management and cultural policy, their nature and content in term of the new tendency - development of postindustrial society. It mentioned here, that at the moment cultural policy is the base of regional political activity and that regions can get strong competitive advantage if they are able to implement cultural policy successfully. All these trends can produce elements of new economic development.