Самостоятельность в работе как фактор формирования субъектности рабочих России
The paper presents the results of the study of subjective qualities as a basis for effective development of schoolchildren's abilities in the learning process. The author proposes an approach to the interpretation of the concepts of a subject and subjectivity, outlines approaches to the development of particular models of subjectivity, determining the effectiveness of various activities. The paper presents the model of subjectivity, which is manifested in the development of students' abilities, as well as the results of its empirical testing. The given workmay be of interest both in theoretical and applied aspects. The results of the study are of high relevance to the educational systems aimed at maximum effective development of students, selection and further workwith gifted children.
The author describes the principal stages in the development of research in profession prestige since the emergence of the field in 1925 and up to the recent publications of 2006. The key phenomenon uncovered in the course of the research is that the relative rating of prestigious professions remains almost independent of research technique, surveyed group, time or place. More precise recent studies showed that profession prestige does exhibit small dynamics, but nevertheless remains fairly stable. However, studies of this type are practically non-existent in Russia. The author offers a very general picture of the concept of profession prestige as it emerged in Western sociology after hundreds of studies. The conclusion of the article is that research on profession prestige is highly desirable in Russia. It is of use both for practical purposes (for education and professional orientation, or as an objective stratification parameter, for all social sciences) and as an independent topic of study.
This article discusses the legend of Saint Alexius from the perspective of the “discovery of the individual,” an issue that for many decades has been intensively debated by historians of European culture.
This paper examines the connection between people's notions of economical situation and their economic behavior. This issue is considered on the example of forming up the notions of unemployment and their influence on workers adaptation in the labor market. Using the data of RMEE for 1994-2000 years the authors show that at the beginning of this period the fear of unemployment was forming up exogenously in relation to the real situation in the labor market. Along with actual unemployment it was a meaningful factor of lowering pressure on real wages. With the reforms development social learning of popula118" № 4 (66) июль-август 2003 Мониторинг общественного мнения tion decreased the importance of fear as an autonomous of unemployment adaptation mechanism in the labor market. The main conclusions of the paper are confirmed by econometric calculations using both MNK-estimations for cross-sectional data for particular years and estimations of panel regressions with individual effects.