Статистиката на науката в Русия. Направления за усъвършенстване
In the collection of materials of reports of participants of the conference reflecting the modern level of scientific-research work in the area of economic, social and humanitarian Sciences
Collected artictes contain papers of master students from Saint-Petersburg State University of Economics, Ural State Economic University, Ryazan State Radio Engineering University, Saint-Petersburg State University, Novgorod State University named after Yaroslav the Wise, the Cracow University of Economics (Poland), Bulent Ecevit University (Turkish Republic) and other universities on current problems and prospects of development of the Russian Federation and cooperation with other countries in the current socioeconomic conditions. Materials of interuniversity conference has an interest for researchers, graduate students, undergraduates and students as well as professionals in the field of economics, finance, management, marketing, commerce, quality and logistics, tourism, sociology, public municipal management, linguistics and law.
The article considers the priority role of improving public services through the use of modern tools of lean management. The article specified the basic definitions, types and features of public services, methods and tools of government, characterized by administrative regulations and tasks of regulation and standardization of public services. The attention is focused on the high importance and relevance of the research topic in the Russian and foreign practice. The paper carried out an expert assessment of the use of lean management programs in the public sector and the implementation of public services in different countries. The authors have developed the basic principles, evaluation criteria and the key characteristics of lean management programs for improving public service. Based on a study of foreign programs and projects of lean management to improve public services by author’s highlighted features and key differences with the sphere of production and business. The authors systematized categories of key skills and competencies that determine the success of lean management programs to improve public services. It is proposed to use tools of lean management in the Deming cycle of continuous improvement for the implementation of public services. The authors have developed a table determining wastes in administrative and service processes, the authors proposed an express survey of employees, state employees and clients to create value stream maps, carried out mapping the value stream of the public service. The article emphasizes the need to use tools lean management for improving public services in the Russian practice.
Several approaches to the concept of fatherhood present in Western sociological tradition are analyzed and compared: biological determinism, social constructivism and biosocial theory. The problematics of fatherhood and men’s parental practices is marginalized in modern Russian social research devoted to family and this fact makes the traditional inequality in family relations, when the father’s role is considered secondary compared to that of mother, even stronger. However, in Western critical men’s studies several stages can be outlined: the development of “sex roles” paradigm (biological determinism), the emergence of the hegemonic masculinity concept, inter-disciplinary stage (biosocial theory). According to the approach of biological determinism, the role of a father is that of the patriarch, he continues the family line and serves as a model for his ascendants. Social constructivism looks into man’s functions in the family from the point of view of masculine pressure and establishing hegemony over a woman and children. Biosocial theory aims to unite the biological determinacy of fatherhood with social, cultural and personal context. It is shown that these approaches are directly connected with the level of the society development, marriage and family perceptions, the level of egality of gender order.