Эмоциональная атмосфера общества как объект политологического исследования. Статья 3. Компоненты эмоциональной атмосферы общества
настроения, эмоции, поведение, рабочие, кластерный анализ, классификация, типология
This article discusses the debatable problem of euthanasia. The authors consider the main arguments of supporters and opponents of euthanasia. The results of a sociological study of the attitude of Nizhny Novgorod residents to the issue of euthanasia are presented. The results show that respondents express contradictory attitude to euthanasia: on the one hand, they understand the positive side and want euthanasia to be allowed in Russia, on the other hand, they believe that there can be negative consequences (for example, self-serving murders).
We address the external effects on public sector efficiency measures acquired using Data Envelopment Analysis. We use the health care system in Russian regions in 2011 to evaluate modern approaches to accounting for external effects. We propose a promising method of correcting DEA efficiency measures. Despite the multiple advantages DEA offers, the usage of this approach carries with it a number of methodological difficulties. Accounting for multiple factors of efficiency calls for more complex methods, among which the most promising are DMU clustering and calculating local production possibility frontiers. Using regression models for estimate correction requires further study due to possible systematic errors during estimation. A mixture of data correction and DMU clustering together with multi-stage DEA seems most promising at the moment. Analyzing several stages of transforming society’s resources into social welfare will allow for picking out the weak points in a state agency’s work.
This article is talking about state management and cultural policy, their nature and content in term of the new tendency - development of postindustrial society. It mentioned here, that at the moment cultural policy is the base of regional political activity and that regions can get strong competitive advantage if they are able to implement cultural policy successfully. All these trends can produce elements of new economic development.