Образовательные модели в разных культурах
The article tries to describe the specific of Open Educational Resources design and functioning in CIS countries in terms of their uniqueness in information and educational environments. The article specifies culturological, psychological and teaching organization of CIS OERs, including some features of their ergonomic design. The questions concerning the intercultural competence of tutors and the development of cultural assimilators for tutors are put.
This article presents the theoretical analysis of the potential of the educational space of modern Russian university for the process of students' self-realization. In the text of the paper it is outlined the main areas in which a university student can realize their potential and ideas.
Several approaches to the concept of fatherhood present in Western sociological tradition are analyzed and compared: biological determinism, social constructivism and biosocial theory. The problematics of fatherhood and men’s parental practices is marginalized in modern Russian social research devoted to family and this fact makes the traditional inequality in family relations, when the father’s role is considered secondary compared to that of mother, even stronger. However, in Western critical men’s studies several stages can be outlined: the development of “sex roles” paradigm (biological determinism), the emergence of the hegemonic masculinity concept, inter-disciplinary stage (biosocial theory). According to the approach of biological determinism, the role of a father is that of the patriarch, he continues the family line and serves as a model for his ascendants. Social constructivism looks into man’s functions in the family from the point of view of masculine pressure and establishing hegemony over a woman and children. Biosocial theory aims to unite the biological determinacy of fatherhood with social, cultural and personal context. It is shown that these approaches are directly connected with the level of the society development, marriage and family perceptions, the level of egality of gender order.