The article describes the multilingualism of the austrian writer V. Vertlib as the source of his literary creativity.
Nowadays the global purpose of a foreign language mastering is considered to be the union with the foreign culture and the participation in cultures dialogue. This purpose is achieved due to the formation of the ability for inter-cultural competence that is acquiring the necessary level of communicative competence. The notion of communicative competence has many aspects and comprises several sub-competencies. One of the most important is considered to be the discursive competence which is the knowledge of various types of discourses and the rules of their construction and also the ability to create and understand them taking into account the communication situation.
The volume includes proceedings of the 23th Scandianvian Conference of Linguistics (SCL 23) that was held at Uppsala University 1–3 October 2008. It includes studies covering a wide spectrum of approaches to linguistics, for example, cross-linguistic typological studies, linguistic variation and language change in contact situations as well as studies relating to bilingualism and to second and foreign language learning.
This collection of essays examines a number of issues in late medieval East Slavic cultural and intellectual history with particular focus on Muscovy and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania. Among the central topics of this book are the multilingual and multiconfessional cultural milieus in these lands, interaction between Muscovite and Ruthenian cultures, and contact between the Eastern Slavs and non-Slavic peoples residing wilhin and outside their ethnic terrain. This book will be of special interest to cultural historians, philologists and linguists.
The form whose main function is to express indirect commands, called the third person Imperative, Jussive or Exhortative, when compared to the prototypical (second person) Imperative, shows semantic and formal similarities and distinctions at the same time. The study describes formal and functional patterns of Jussive and places this category within the typology of the related categories, such as Imperative and Optative, based on data from six East Caucasian languages (Archi, Agul, Akhvakh, Chechen, Icari and Kumyk). Five formal patterns of Jussive are attested in these languages, including a specialized form, constructions derived from want, from tell him to do and from make him do and the Optative. Jussive forms may express such meanings as third person command, indirect causation, permission, indifference towards the accomplishment of an action and an assumption. While the Jussive is crucially different from the second person Imperative in that it introduces a third participant, this article shows that it is the addressee, not a third person, who is the central participant of a Jussive situation from both formal and functional points of view.
The book describes theinterdependent relations between the multilingualism and literary creativity.
The current paper deals with the grammatical means of sentential actants expression in Mehweb dialect of Dargi (Nakh-Dagestanian language family). The research is also focused on the possibilities for case-marking of logical subject and distant class agreement.