Ценности современных российских студентов в контексте трансформации системы высшего образования
The article is focused on the idea that the values of the Russian students are a crucial factor of higher education modernization. How to change the higher education system according to the expectations and requests of students as the main agents of change? Additionally, the article covers a broader context of the transformation of higher education in Russia: the institutional limitations of the modernization of higher education and the value orientations of modern Russian students.
Values are operationalized using the approach of R. Inglehart and K. Welzel (values of self-expression and survival). The institutional framework explains the stagnation on changing in the HE system because of path-dependence. To solve the problem, we need a "critical mass" of students with values of self-development. In this regard, the main research question was whether the values of self-expression have developed among Russian bachelors? The empirical basis of the study was the mass survey data from 19 Russian universities within the framework of the project "The Russian Masters’ early growth" with the support of the Vladimir Potanin Foundation. The results showed that students with the values of self-expression, on average, are two and a half times more than those who are focused on "survival" values. This led us to several conclusions. Firstly, the degree of emancipation values (freedom of choice and development) in Russian higher education is increasing. Secondly, the demand for changes is accumulated in groups of students with different cultural capital, that is why this is the universal trend for Russian students. Thirdly, the choice of the study program turned out to be a more significant factor in the distribution of values than the choice of a university. Thus, for modern Russian students, the professional skills and good study program are the first and the prestige of the university is the second. And final, the last decades' changes in higher education led to the social basis for the deep transformation of the higher education system. Students are ready for that.