Dynamics in a phase model of half-center oscillator: Two neurons with excitatory coupling
A minimalistic model of the half-center oscillator is proposed. Within it, we consider dynamics of two excitable neurons interacting by means of the excitatory coupling. In the parameter space of the model, we identify the regions of dynamics, characteristic for central pattern generators: respectively, in-phase, anti-phase synchronous oscillations and quiescence, and study various bifurcation transitions between all these states. Suggested model can serve as a building block of specific complex central pattern generators for studies of rhythmic activity and information processing in animals and humans.