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Найдены 3 023 публикации
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Препринт
Sokolov P. V., Ivanova J. V. Humanities. HUM. Basic Research Programme, 2012. No. 08.
This article examines the relation of two models of civil science in the early modern political literature: the rhetorical science of contingency (rhetorica primaria), and mathesis politica, associated with Descartes by some early Enlightenment authors. The authors analyze the reception of the rhetorical aspect of Hobbes’s civil science with a special focus on Vico’s criticism of Hobbes’s constructivist state model, showing how Vico counters the Hobbesian ‘protosociological’ style of theorizing with his own historical way of reflecting on the social and ‘open’ structure of political action.
Добавлено: 22 ноября 2012
Препринт
Gritsenko V. arxiv.org. math. Cornell University, 2012. No. 6503.
Добавлено: 3 марта 2015
Препринт
Polyachenko S. S., Nye J. V., Bruhanov M. Economics/EC. WP BRP. Высшая школа экономики, 2014. No. WP BRP 78/EC/2014.
Добавлено: 12 декабря 2014
Препринт
Bruhanov M., Nye J. V., Polyachenko S. S. Economics/EC. WP BRP. Высшая школа экономики, 2016
Is in utero exposure to testosterone (T), measured by the second to fourth digit ratio (2D:4D), associated with lifetime educational attainment? A growing body of work finds exposure to prenatal T to be associated with aggression, physical fitness, performance in computer science, and type of occupation. However, there has not yet been substantial research its relationship with lifetime educational outcomes. Using a large sample drawn from families in Moscow and in the Moscow region from the Russian Longitudinal Measurement Survey (RLMS), we observe clear links between measured 2D:4D and the levels of education obtained by men. Statistically significant positive associations between higher 2D:4D (lower prenatal T) and higher levels of education were found, using difference in means analysis and generalized ordered logit (gologit) regressions. These findings were also robust to using a different subsample. Weaker findings were seen for women. Since many of the earlier findings have shown the benefits of higher prenatal T for achievement, the current finding of a negative effect of prenatal T on educational attainment raises interesting issues about the ambiguous effects of prenatal T and the degree to which the traits it promotes interact with different tasks and social contexts.
Добавлено: 2 июня 2016
Препринт
Nye J. V., Androushchak G., Desierto D. et al. Education. EDU. Высшая школа экономики, 2011. No. 01.
Exposure to prenatal androgens affects both future behavior and life choices. However, there is still relatively limited evidence on its effects on academic performance. Moreover, the predicted effect of exposure to prenatal testosterone (T) - which is inversely correlated with the relative length of the second to fourth finger lengths (2D:4D) - would seem to have ambiguous effects on academic achievement since traits like confidence, aggressiveness, or risk-taking are not uniformly positive for success in school. We provide the first evidence of a non-linear relationship between 2D:4D and academic achievement using samples from Moscow and Manila. We find that there is a quadratic relationship between high T exposure and markers of achievement such as grades or test scores and that the optimum digit ratio for women in our sample is lower (indicating higher prenatal T) than the average. The results for men are generally insignificant for Moscow but significant for Manila showing similar non-linear effects. Our work is thus unusual in that it draws from a large sample of nearly a thousand university students in Moscow and over a hundred from Manila for whom we also have extensive information on high school test scores, family background and other potential correlates of achievement. Our work is also the first to have a large cross country comparison that includes two groups with very different ethnic compositions.
Добавлено: 28 августа 2012
Препринт
Parusnikova A. V. Working papers by Cornell University. Cornell University, 2014. No. 1412.6690.
Добавлено: 28 марта 2015
Препринт
Mayanskiy E. arxiv.org. math. Cornell University, 2013. No. 5150.
Добавлено: 19 ноября 2013
Препринт
Bogomolov F. A., Halle L. H., Pazuki F. et al. math. arxive. Cornell University, 2016
Добавлено: 11 октября 2016
Препринт
Gorsky E., Горский М. А. Working papers by Cornell University. Cornell University, 2011
Добавлено: 13 февраля 2015
Препринт
Vladimir Lebedev. Cornell University Library, 2011. No. 1112.4892v1.
Добавлено: 12 апреля 2012
Препринт
Kurnosov N. arxiv.org. math. Cornell University, 2015
Добавлено: 16 октября 2015
Препринт
Kuzminov Y. I., Yudkevich M. M. Научные доклады Института институциональных исследований. WP10. Высшая школа экономики, 2007. No. 01.
In areas of creative activity where the evaluation of efforts and results requires major expenditures, the intrinsic motivation of agents is an important factor of efficiency, whereas stringent monitoring fails to counteract opportunistic behavior. University professors are a case in point. The lack of comprehensive control and detailed regulation of professorial work that traditionally characterizes the university milieu creates an atmosphere of academic freedom that is propitious to intrinsic motivation. Academic freedom lies at the basis of the convention regulating the behavior of university administration and professors. It gives rise to an equilibrium state in which professors engage in both teaching and research, yet this equilibrium is not evolutionary stable in itself: as a rule, it is maintained by academic standards. New conditions of financing that are imposed on both the professoriate and the university administration lead to the destruction of this equilibrium and the emergence of new behavioral patterns at universities. Their characteristics depend both on external conditions (on the education market as a whole) and on internal ones (the university’s policy and the university academic environment).
Добавлено: 16 марта 2013
Препринт
Olga Gorelova, Lovakov A. Education. EDU. Высшая школа экономики, 2016. No. WP BRP 32/EDU/2016.
The literature on the consequences of academic inbreeding shows ambiguous results: some papers show that inbreeding positively influences research productivity, measured in the quantity and quality of publications, while others show the opposite effect. There are contradictory results both in studies of different countries and within countries. Such a variety of results makes it impossible to transfer the findings from one academic system to another, and in Russia this problem has been under explored. This paper focuses on the relationship between inbreeding and publication activity among Russian faculty members. The results, using Russian data from the Changing Academic Profession survey, showed no substantial effect of academic inbreeding on research productivity. Inbred and non-inbred faculty members do not differ substantially in terms of the probability of having publications, or how many, although for inbreds such probability is slightly higher. These results are robust for different operationalizations of inbreeding and measures of publication activity. However the absence of significant differences in the number of publications may not mean the absence of a difference in their quality. The possible explanations and limitations of the standard measures of research productivity are discussed.
Добавлено: 10 мая 2016
Препринт
Ilina K. A. Humanities. HUM. Basic Research Programme, 2014. No. WP BRP 81/HUM/2014.
Статья посвящена практикам присуждения ученых степеней в России в 1830-е годы. На основе распорядительных документов и правовых актов, мемуаров и архивного делопроизводства реконструированы имевшиеся в распоряжении соискателей ученых степеней способы академического и чиновного восхождения. В статье рассмотрены казусы типовых и нетипичных аттестаций. Проведенное исследование выявило турбулентный характер государственного регулирования данной сферы, наличие альтернативных путей для обретения ученой степени, что сделало возможным ручное управление процедурами аттестации со стороны министра народного просвещения
Добавлено: 18 декабря 2014
Препринт
Zarifyan M., Melnik A. A., Vyrenkova A. S. Linguistics. WP BRP. НИУ ВШЭ, 2016
Препринт описывает опыт создания онлайн тренажеров для синонимического ряда ДАЛЕКИЙ. В качестве примера представлены тренажеры для русского и английского языков.
Добавлено: 13 декабря 2016
Препринт
Avram S., Popova D., Rastrigina O. EUROMOD Working Paper Series. EM. Institute for Social and Economic Research, University of Essex, 2016. No. 7/16.
Добавлено: 13 октября 2016
Препринт
Grigoryev D. PSYCHOLOGY. WP BRP. Издательский дом НИУ ВШЭ, 2016. No. 58.
This  article  presents  the  results  of  a  study  on  the  relationship  of  acculturation  profiles  of Russian-speaking immigrants in Belgium, the duration of their stay in the host country, and their  level  of  socio-economic  adaptation.  The  data  obtained  is  the  result  of  a  socio-psychological survey of Russian-speaking immigrants in Belgium and was processed using latent  profile  analysis  (LPA).  It  was  obtained  from three  groups  of  immigrants  with relevant  acculturation  profiles:  integration,  assimilation  and  separation.  It  was  found  that orientation toward the host society (assimilation and integration) has a positive association with a high level of socio-economic adaptation among immigrants, but the level of socio-economic adaptation for the group of immigrants with an assimilation profile is higher than that  for  the  group  of  immigrants  with  an  integration  profile.  Also,  the level  of  socio-economic adaptation is higher for immigrants who have stayed in the host country for more than 5 years.
Добавлено: 29 февраля 2016
Препринт
Feigin B. L., Makhlin I. arxiv.org. math. Cornell University, 2015
Добавлено: 7 августа 2015
Препринт
Sergey L. Barinov, Petr K. International Relations. IR. Издательский дом НИУ ВШЭ, 2014
Добавлено: 11 октября 2014
Препринт
Kitrar Liudmila, Ostapkovich Georgy, Lipkind Tamara et al. Science, Technology and Innovation. WP BRP. Высшая школа экономики, 2017. No. 72.
Основной целью данной работы является сопоставление российской государственной информационной системы промышленности с международными рекомендациями статистического отдела UNIDO. Гармонизация национальной информационной системы с успешными мировыми статистическими практиками необходима для измерения уровня и динамики развития основных промышленных индикаторов относительно информационных аналогов как трансграничных, так и стратегически значимых государств, что позволяет оценить эффективность и конкурентоспособность российской промышленности и принимать оптимальные решения на всех уровнях управления в стране. Проведенное исследование показало, что значительное число ежегодных, ежеквартальных, ежемесячных и недельных форм отчетности Росстата при отсутствии единой формы-вопросника для получения от предприятия исчерпывающей информации и единых методологических рекомендаций не снимает проблемы недостающих сведений по сравнению с рекомендациями ООН. Нерешенной проблемой остается выбор минимальной статистической единицы. Уровень детализации доступной информации недостаточен для анализа качества и эффективности промышленной политики, в том числе в сопоставлении с общемировым уровнем и тенденциями реиндустриализации. Очевидна необходимость модернизации государственной статистической системы не только в направлении снижения нагрузки на отчитывающиеся предприятия, но и с целью повышения открытости и сопоставимости информации на детализированном уровне, позволяющей проводить оценку качества и эффективности промышленной политики в стране в целом и региональном разрезе.
Добавлено: 7 марта 2017
Препринт
Malyshev D. Working papers by Cornell University. Cornell University, 2015
Добавлено: 2 июня 2015